PHFI is a not for profit public private initiative working towards a healthier India. It is helping to build broadband public health capacity towards enabling a sustained and holistic response to the significant public health challenges faced by India. The creation of PHFI in 2006 was enabled by the Govt Of India and was supported by multiple stakeholders. Initial funding came from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), the Bill and Milenda Gates Foundation, other foundations and private philantropy.
PHFI's core mission areas include: establishing "indian Institutes of Public Health (IIPHs) for developing Public Health Work Force; advancing Public Health Research and technology; and strengthening health system through evidence informed practice and policy.