OTSS’ ITS: Observatory for Sustainable and Healthy Territories of Bocaina (OTSS)’ Incubator of Social Technologies (ITS)

OTSS 'ITS is a partnership between FIOCRUZ and FCT - a social movement representing indigenous, maroons and caiçaras communities. Supports community enterprises that producess territorialized solutions, articulated on several levels (regional, national and global) based on ecology of knowledge and with the potential to become strategic and technological alternatives aimed at ensuring the rights of those communities; especially those related to the territory, culture, health and quality of life.

At a Glance

Comments 0
Favorites 4
Evidence 0

How Can You Help?

  • Help with social media
  • Participate with research or a study
  • Connect us with funding and resources
  • Help us evaluate our impact
  • Become a partner

Point of Contact

About This Innovation

Innovation Stats

Funding Goal ($): 
Innovation Type: 
What phase of development is your innovation currently in?: 
Potential Lives Impacted: 
315,146
Actual Lives Impacted: 
18,114
Potential Lives Saved: 
9,078
Where did you create your innovation?: 
Where have you implemented your innovation?: 
Are there any related Programs?: 
In what sectors does your innovation belong?: 

Provide a status update for your Innovation.

OTSS' ITS website
OTTS'ITS photo gallery
OTSS' ITS videos channel

OTSS 'ITS is a partnership between FIOCRUZ and FCT - a social movement representing indigenous, maroons and caiçaras communities. Supports community enterprises that producess territorialized solutions, articulated on several levels (regional, national and global) based on ecology of knowledge and with the potential to become strategic and technological alternatives aimed at ensuring the rights of those communities; especially those related to the territory, culture, health and quality of life.

Oswaldo Cruz Foudantion (FIOCRUZ):
Promote health and social development, generate and disseminate scientific and technological knowledge, be an agent of citizenship. These are the concepts that guide the actions of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), under the Ministry of Health, the most prominent institution of science and technology in health in Latin America.
www.portal.fiocruz.br

Forum of Traditional Communities (FCT)
Promote the sustainable development of the traditional communities, focusing on the recognition and guarantee of their territorial rights. This is the mission that guides the Forum of Traditional Communities (FCT) actions. FCT is a social movement which congregates about 50 communities from three ethnic groups: Guarani (indigenous), quilombolas (maroons) and caiçaras (artisanal fishermen communities) of the Bocaina region, by the Atlantic coast, in southeast Brazil.
www.preservareresistir.org
https://www.facebook.com/forumdecomunidadestradicionaisangraparatyubatuba

OTSS' ITS status update
On April 6-7, it was conducted a workshop to advance the consolidation of ITS in the territory. On the first day was held the workshop where the concept and scope of the work to be performed by OTSS' ITS was discussed. Some agreements for its operation were established as well as the criteria for participation of located in communities’ enterprises. On the next day, a second meeting with the participation of OTSS technicians and communities’ articulators was held with the aim to analyse the feasibility of implementation of INCUBATOR. On this second day, the technicians and local articulators gathered to advance the referrals in the light of the results of the first day.

There were done pre-diagnosis and mobilization of the following traditional communities:

  • Indigenous communities of the Guarani Ethnic: at the tribe of Paraty Mirim and at the Caciques Guarani Meeting Event
  • Marrons communities (quilombolas) of: Campinho da Independência, in Paraty; Fazenda, in Ubatuba; and Santa Rita do Bracuí, in Angra dos Reis
  • Artisanal fisheries (caiçaras) communities of: Praia Grande da Cajaíba, Trindade and São Gonçalo, in Paraty; and Barra Seca, in Ubatuba
  • A socioeconomic viability study was held at Quilombo do Campinho; another one, with the fruit processing unit of Sertão do Ubatumirim, is in course

The workshop counted the participation of 30 people - besides the presence of 12 OTSS’ technicians -, from the following communities:

  • Indigenous communities: Aldeia Boa Vista (city of Ubatuba); Itaxi Paraty Mirim (city of Paraty)
  • Marrons communities: Quilombos do Campinho da Independência (Paraty); da Santa Rita do Bracui (city of Angra dos Reis); da Fazenda (Ubatuba)
  • Caiçaras (artisanal fishermen – coast native): Trindade, Praia do Sono, Praia Grande da Cajaiba, São Gonçalo, Pouso da Cajaíba (Paraty); Picinguaba and Ubatumirim (Ubatuba)

Workshop's Agreements:
The implementation and develop of community entrepreneurs and initiatives incubator aimed to generate labor and income must take into account the following principles and strategies:

  • To improve actions and strategies already planned by OTSS;
  • To gather experiences discussed on the range of OTSS
  • To develop concept and proposal of work from the practical demands already diagnosed with the enterprises and productive initiatives in work
  • To promote participative process of construction
  • To enhance the protagonism of communities and its people into FCT, territories and business
  • To improve local organizations
  • To identify and share experiences
  • To create a theoretical and good practices framework
  • To qualify the productive initiatives and to scale the demand for support

To scale up actions already in course, enhancing FCT from its basis is one of the main motivations for the creation of OTSS ITC, and also guarantee:

  • Support to local productive initiatives
  • That the technical action be not disconnected from the reality of the communities, or depoliticized; and respect and strengthen ties, culture and traditional ways of life
  • That the technical action be not happen in an isolated way, disconnect from the global FCT’s action; and that the business promotion happens without forget that the primordial struggle is for the territory owning with health and sustainability
  • That the contacts with regulatory agencies be more strategic and involving as much entrepreneurs as it’s possible

How does your innovation work?

Four aspects of the operation of the  Incubator of Social Technologies OTSS (ITS) should be initially highlighted: strategic-communicative strategies governance, monitoring of the Agenda 2030, mutual contingency Incubator-Observatory and the Knowledge Ecology principle.

(1) Strategic-Communicative Governance:

The governance is a key-challenge to research-action complex projects involving the academia and the social movements. The Agenda 2030 emphasizes its central role for the sustainable development, especially in what refers to the social participation and to the planning and monitoring of the Social Development Goals – SDGs – implementation.

In this perspective, ecology of knowledges and strategic-communicative management are main principles of forms of governance which intend to put communitary and technical-scientific researchers as equivalent protagonists in the decision and action process.

The Observatory for Sustainable and Healthy Territories of Bocaina – OTSS is a partnership between a science and technology institution (Oswaldo Cruz Foundation – Fiocruz) and a social movement (Forum of Traditional Communities – FCT)  for the development of sustainable solutions which promote equity and autonomy in the Bocaina territory, a mosaic of protected areas involving two states, three municipalities and approximately fifty indigenous, quilombo and coast native communities in the Southeast of Brazil.

It has the action focuses in the social-envionmental justice, the ecological sanitation, the differentiated education, the agroecology, the communitary based tourism, the health promotion and monitoring of the Agenda 2030 in the territory.
It was identified:

  • The form of governance of the OTSS operates the principle of the ecology of knowledges, emphasizing the symmetrical and complementary role of the technical-scientific knowledge and of the traditional knowledge to the construction of the priorities hierarchy of the territory, and it demonstrates the potential of this association to the identification of needs and for the development of effective solutions. The materialization of this principle is evidenced by the adopted decision-making mechanisms, which are characterized by places and technologies of strategic-communicative management, producers of individual and collective autonomy, which stimulate the participation and allow the empowerment of community and academic researchers and of the audience, the communities.
  • It happens in all the steps – planning, monitoring and evaluation – and in all the places – General Coordination, Coordination of Centers, of Projects and field activities.
  • The management is supported by the production of information from a geographic information system, the social cartography, the systematization and from collective situation analysis. The monitoring and evaluation approach developed by the OTSS, which analyzes the effectiveness evidences of its actions from the equity, autonomy and sustainability dimensions, allows its alignment to the SDGs monitoring. 

This form of governance has been efective to the production of autonomy and accountability of the stakeholders in the implementation and monitoring of the collective defined strategies and has contributed to enlarge the governability and the management capacity of the FCT for the production of territorialized solutions oriented to the promotion of quality of life of the traditional populations.

The OTSS’ team is composed by technicians and traditional community leaders, promoting their protagonism since the strategic decision making to the execution of real actions. The general and executive coordination of OTSS is shared by Vagner do Nascimento (FCT) and Edmundo Gallo (FIOCRUZ). On each 6 months, the year’s strategic plain is revised, always with the great participation of all technicians and community people, taking decisions about resources and strategies; defining priorities and developing action ideas. Day by day, the team interact using a online platform of co-working and on specific working groups meetings, going forward on the implementation of action’s monitoring process each time more dialogic, participative and effective. In all decision making of OTSS, at all levels, there is a fundamental premise that is to check if the voice of the traditional communities had been listen. 

The community researchers participate in all the thematic centers, which operate the Observatory, wherein one of the Centers is composed only by community-researchers: the Center of Qualification and Strengthen of the FCT. This center has, among its missions, to evaluate continuously the operation of the OTSS, protecting the principles and practices of this differentiated and counterhegemonic governance.
What was said above, are aspects of what we are looking for and understanding as a governance aimed to sustainable development. In this way, we understand the deliberative practice in the view of what is fair; and the development as the processes in which the individuals and collective liberties and capabilities are expanded. It means that what we understand as “governance” must be structured and operated to promote autonomy, equity and socioenvironmental justice. Therefore, the processes and deliberative practices of OTSS continually seeks for:

  • to guarantee that the three ethnic’s groups are represented;
  • to valorize the culture of the three ethnics
  • to support the defense and preservation of the territory
  • to struggle against the social exclusion and its impacts on the self-steam of those people
  • to promote generational integration, respecting the ancestors’ knowledge and recognizing the creative energy of the youth
  • to live a knowledge ecology, recognizing equally the different kinds of knowing
  • to be based on the needs and priorities of the territory
  • to share the management
  • to facilitate the convergence of working agendas with the diverse thematic areas
  • to integrate the stakeholders acting in the territory
  • to promote heath in its ample sense, as a multidimensional phenomenon that involves physics, mental, social and spiritual aspects
  • to support the development of autonomy of those communities – improving their capacities of social intervention, their ability and skills and the protagonism of social movement.

(2) Agenda 2030:

In its formulation, and probably in its implementation, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and the 169 goals of the UN Agenda 2030 allow a structural theming, assuming the unsustainability of the current mode of production and consumption. This is a possibility condition for the implantation of and alternative, solidary and cooperative mode. Its effectiveness, however, will depend of its penetration in the territory, its expression in territorialized agendas, which governance and strategical management, in particular the effectiveness evaluation are the most significant challenges, demanding objectives, goals and matrix strategies able to articulate the sustainable development pillars.

For this reason, one of the action focuses of the Observatory (OTSS) is to develop monitoring tools for the impact of its activities in relation to the 17 SDGs and the 169 goals. The OTSS has developed and uses an evaluation approach of coherence, consistency and effectiveness, which integrates the principles and categories of the Sustainable Development and of the Health Promotion and the correspondent technologies, in particular an effectiveness evaluation tool for territorialized agendas with this scope. Were adopted as references the ecosystem, social determinants of health and strategic communicative planning approaches seeking to develop technologies that evaluate the intersection between health, environment and development and that result in integrated management proposals.
The project started from three dimensions: equity, autonomy and sustainability, which were analyzed and decomposed until the definition of a set of analytical categories, consolidated in the Analysis Matrix of Effectiveness of Territorialized Strategies of Sustainable Development and Health (click in the link to see the matrix), developing indexes and indicators, which can be constituted as a tool of support to the monitoring and evaluation of the Sustainable Development Goals - SDGs.

Currently it is under development the second stage of effectiveness evaluation Technologies, focused on the objectives, aims and indicators of the Agenda 2030, in alignment stage of these to the methodology developed by the OTSS and of formulation of the monitoring tools and processes. The expectation is that from 2017 to 2030 we can create and implement a systematic of effectiveness monitoring of the SDGs in a territorialized context and evaluate the impact of the strategies on them. Besides this methodological contribution to the territorialized implementation of the Agenda 2030, it is expected to demonstrate that the preservation of the forms of living, of production and of the knowledges of the traditional communities are, by its own essence, promoters of the sustainable development and a mode to concretize a great part of the 17 SDGs and 169 goals. It is believed that this process is deeply strategic to the challenge to demonstrate how the coast native, indigenous and quilombo communities are sustainability promoters and to give voice and visibility to their fight in the defense of their territory and against the oppression processes that historically suffer by the vectors of the unsustainable development of the hegemonic mode of production. It is understood that the traditional people are not the “past” people, but the people who need to resist in the present to provide fundamental contributions to the social sustainable basis needed to “the future we want".

(3) Mutual contingency: Incubator-Observatory

All the action of the Observatory for Healthy and Sustainable Territories of Bocaina (OTSS) is characterized as process of incubation of enterprises and productive and social processes which strength the forms of social reproduction of communities and people of the 3 ethnicities – coast natives, indigenous and quilombo. In this sense, all the OTSS constitutes the Incubator of Social Technologies (ITS), developing the incubation of the productive processes of these communities, especially the agroecological and Community Based Tourism enterprises, but also the ecological sanitation, the differentiated education, the neglected diseases and mechanisms of defense of the territory of traditional communities.  The Incubator of Social Technologies (ITS), operates as a “router”, where the needs identified in the territory are subject of the development of innovative solutions from the OTSS and its solidarity networks.

OTSS activities comprise the territories and around 1.000 families of 03 ethnic groups - 7 indigenous villages, 5 quilombos (remains of settlements of slaves) and some 50 caiçara communities (artisanal fishermen), situated in the municipalities of Angra dos Reis (RJ), Paraty (RJ) and Ubatuba (SP). This region is inserted in the Serra do Mar Biodiversity Corridor and the Bocaina Mosaic of Conservation Units, and is a priority area for nature conservation as it contains important remains of Mata Atlântica rainforest. It’s a highly vulnerable territory in social and environmental terms as it is subjected to climate changes, intense land market speculation and the precariousness of public policies. To oppose the negative effects of capital intensive vectors in this territory, there’s an organized social movement which aims to preserve the traditional communities culture and seeks a cooperative, fair and sustainable development model: the Forum of Traditional Communities of Angra dos Reis, Paraty and Ubatuba (FCT), created in 2007.

Having FCT’s claims as a motivator, a partnership was established with Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) to create OTSS, with Fundação Nacional de Saúde (FUNASA) as funder. OTSS plans the implementation of structural and structuring actions related to ecological sanitation, differential education based on traditional cultures, agroecology and community based tourism. These are to be supported and articulated by a business incubator focused on health promotion and social and environmental sustainability. OTSS also aims to strength FCT governance, and support traditional communities on existing territorial conflicts with conservation units.

The creation of an observatory was identified as the most suitable arrangement: a set of technologies (systematization of traditional knowledge, data production, diagnostics and maps about the dynamics and historicity of communities) able to capture, process and disseminate information and knowledge to support decision making.

In 2015 it was also signed a term of cooperation between Fiocruz and the Social Fund of the National Bank of Economic and Social Development (BNDES), focused on the territorialized development and on local productive arrangements of the traditional communities. The OTSS had two APLs approved, focused on agroecological and Community Based Tourism entreprises. These projects are in the final stage of documentation organization, and it is expected to sign these agreements this year, totalizing about US$1.500.000,00.
 
(4) Knowledge Ecology

The fundamental principle of the Observatory’s practices is the Knowledge Ecology, as formulated by Boaventura Souza Santos: confronting the monoculture of modern science; recognizing the plurality of heterogeneous knowledge (being one of them the modern science) and in sustainable and dynamic interactions between them without compromising their autonomy, comprehending that the knowledge is the inter-knowledge; and having as a premise the idea of inexhaustible epistemological diversity of world. There are in the hole world not only diverse ways of knowledge of matter, society, life and spirit but also a lot of diverse concepts and criteria about what matters and counts as knowledge.
 
We are supported by the principle. We experiment it in the OTSS as a constant exercise of deconstruction of hierarchy position of the oppressive modern science, as it was the most truly epistemology, to replace it in a position of horizontal and fertile dialogue with the knowledge of quilombolas, indigenous and caiçaras, in this search for the production of critical knowledge that promote health and sustainable development in these territories.
 

 

What Evidence do you have that your Innovation works?

Related to ITC, we are still in the pilot phase of the first entrepreneur incubated. On this phase, we can already identify some advances on the results and processes of management of Quilombo’s Restaurant – a communitarian management entrepreneur.

Related to the evidence that OTSS as a whole is an innovatin that works promoting health and sustainable development, we can highlight:
•    The implementation of eco-sanitation systems at caiçara’s community of Praia do Sono
•    The improvement of TBC routes in several traditional communities
•    The creation of a permanent “dialogue table“ to find solutions to the conflicts between Environmental Conservation Units and the traditional people and communities, moderares by Federal's Public Ministery.
•    Advances related to the conditions of access to basic education for rural communities far from the urban region
•    Visibility to critical situations of disrespect of the rights of traditional people and communities
•    Inclusion of conditions in the process of environmental licencin to the companies which seek to explore the oil and gas of the subsalt
•    And many others...

It is estimated the direct impact in 18.114 lives, the summed rural population of the 03 municipalities where the OTSS directly acts: Angra dos Reis, Paraty and Ubatuba, according to the Census 2010 of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). It is considered the rural population of these municipalities as the more correct and consistent number to use, because the physical, social, economic and cultural interventions of the OTSS directly impact the life of the rural zone inhabitants of these cities.

It is estimated that 315.146 potentially impacted lives, total population of the 03 municipalities with the action of the OTSS, according to IBGE data. They are indirectly impacted by the innovation, once the solutions developed by the OTSS impact the processes of formulation and of implementation of municipal public policies and services and the networks of production and consumption in the region.

However, it is understood that, besides these 3 municipalities, the innovation impacts indirectly many other lives, considering its replication through exchanges already underway with other traditional communities from other regions of Brazil and of the world, either by the incorporation of the technologies developed from the federal public policies – as those of Funasa, federal institution responsible by water, sanitation and environmental education of cities with until 50.000 inhabitants and traditional communities – as the action of the OTSS in the following national and international networks:
Networks

We quest for sustainable development in those territories – struggling for the preservation of traditional communities’ ways of life – is someway (great part of) funded by the participation and/or instauration of solidarities or cooperation networks related to our strategic objectives. On this way, we are networking with:
•    Rede Ibero-Americana de Territórios Sustentáveis, Desenvolvimento e Saúde - Iberoamerican Network of Sustainable Territories, Development and Health
•    Redes de pesquisa da Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva (ABRASCO) - Brazilian Association of Collective Health Research's Network
•    Rede Nacional de Turismo Solidário e Comunitário (TURISOL) - National Network of Solidary and Communitarian Tourism
•    Rede Juçara (Juçara is a kind of Açaí from the Atlantic Forest) - Palm Tree Fruit's Producers Network
•    Articulação de Agroecologia do Rio de Janeiro (AARJ) - Rio de Janeiro State's Articulation of Agroecology
•    Articulação Nacional de Agroecologia (ANA) - National Articulation os Agroecology
•    Coordenação Nacional Caiçara - National Caiçara Coordination
•    Coordenação Nacional de Articulação das Comunidades Quilombolas (CONAQ) - Nation Quilombolas Communities Articulation's Coodination
•    Comissão Guarani Yvyrupa (CGY) - Indigenous (Guarani Ethnic) Commission

What is your strategy for expanding use of your innovation?

Expansion logical sequence:

Our strategy to expand OTSS ITS can be described by a logical sequence:

Step 1: Qualification and Fortification of Participative Management on OTSS

The first step began on the very beginning of OTSS project on December 2013. A radically participatory management was fomented in all strategic deliberations. The maturation and development of participative practices in OTSS management includes:

•    Semiannual planning workshops involving all contributors being recognized as the priority space for strategic decisions and fundamental collective pacts;
•    Sharing of Project General Coordination between a FCT representative and a Fiocruz representative;
•    Continuous seek for balance between technical and communitarian researchers at coordination meetings;
•      Online interactive platform among other communication tools created collectively;
•    Fund-raising processes, administrative and financial management built in a transparent way through dialogues that recognize both Fiocruz and Funasa formal needs as the particularities and limitations faced by communitarian researchers in the practice of their activities;
•    Increasingly more mature processes of planned activities dialogic and constant (once a month) monitoring by nucleus;
•    Continuous evaluation of including and excluding aspects of ways and languages used on OTSS management. For example, at a planning workshop that took place on the end of 2015 we evidenced indigenous communities were facing difficulties to be an active part of OTSS management and activities. A range of strategies to overcome this critical factor was formulated and immediately executed. In less than 4 months, indigenous participation on OTSS processes increased significantly.

Step 2:  Opening and Maintenance of OTSS Headquarters, July 2015.
 
The headquarters physical structure and equipments, in addition to a team made of technical-researchers and communitarian-researchers, enable an actual support to the product development projects, replicable techniques and/or methodologies developed on the interaction with local communities – which represents effective solutions of social and environmental transformation for the territory.

Step 3: Creation and Development of ITS

At this time we intend to present the process established on Bocaina territory to create and develop a ITS, which target audience are collective and familiar productive initiative in place on communities that are articulated with the Fórum de Comunidades Tradicionais de Angra, Paraty e Ubatuba - FCT.

The existence of a great number of iincubatorsin Brazil, specially those ones connected to the Universities and among them the Incubadoras Tecnológicas de Cooperativas Populares (ITCP) were the main inspiration source for this work, which goal is to develop an own concept and adequate structure to attend the unique demands from the productive initiatives of FCT.  

The methodology presented here sought to establish a participative process to survey these initiatives specificities, as well as their analysis and discussion, in order to conceive the concept of incubator from these enterprises actual demands, the territory dynamics and the enterprises fortification need – not only to generate work and wealth but also to strengthen sustainable strategies on the communities, which focal point is to conquer the territory.

Methodology
The methodological structure here presented had the goal of performing productive activities diagnosis, singularities discussion, differences and potentials that allow to define – along with the active participation of leaderships – the concept and needed structure for the incubator to adequately answer the strengthening demand of the FCT related communities.

Since the beginning it was considered necessary, within the project, two local productive arrangements for the enterprises development work. Those related to agriculture production and processing and those related to tourism. On the scope of agriculture production were listed initiatives which strategy of production are based on the principles of agro-ecology or that are in transition to the agro-ecological ways of production. On the scope of tourism chain, TBC based initiatives were identified – or initiatives that have TBC as an inspiration, even if still in qualification process.

Two social-economical viability studies of two enterprises were made in order to allow a greater knowledge of current management, governance and communication practices. The social-economical viability study of Restaurante do Quilombo, at Quilombo do Campinho da Independência in Paraty, Rio de Janeiro and the social-economical viability study of the fruit pulp processing unit of Associação dos Bananicultores de Ubatumirim, in Ubatuba, São Paulo. The first one is presented attached to this report and the second one is on its final phase of elaboration. The methodologies adopted to develop the social-economical viability studies were adopted from CAPINA methods and specially from discussions brought by professor Gabriel Kraychete, bound to ITCP of Universidade Católica de Salvador. A third social-economical viability study of Community Based Tourism route of Quilombo do Campinho, already initiated, also composes the preliminary studies for the ITS implantation and the management strategies formulation that will be offered to the enterprises.

As of the most experienced enterprises and communities diagnosis, it was possible to identify reference initiatives and to establish propitious moments for the partition of knowledge among the communitarians. This experience, that will be detailed aftermost, was the foundation for the development of one of the methodological tools in operation at ITS – the Partitions. Inspired on Campesino a Campesino methodology, well developed in Latin America, which basis is to establish the direct knowledge exchange among communitarians.

The traditional communities specificities, their peculiar relationship with nature and specially with their territory, their ancestral cultural legacy and social organization constituted the basis line that guided the methodology development, capable of respecting at the same time as valuing communitarian knowledge, establishing a communication flow with technicians where scientific and empiric knowledge are hierarchically.

This strategy allowed the team to apprehend a great number of lessons and, from a relation of mutual trust, to propose innovations and/or enhancements of current practices. These enhancement discussions take into consideration traditional knowledge and local experiences, as well as a horizontal relationship between technicians and communitarians, but they may not presume that traditionalism itself brings automatically respect to traditions or nature.  

The second working methodology of ITS is the direct technical support, in this case the used tool was a service training process. It was decided to establish training spaces as of the discussion about the founded specificities and about the search of adequate solutions to each one of the difficulties that came along as each diagnosis and study was deepen. The concepts of emancipatory education proposed by Paulo Freire are the reference on this process.

Diagnosis visits to the communities took place throughout the first months of 2016, along with a great mobilization for the participation in the process of discussion for the implementation of ITS from OTSS. This mobilization culminated on a workshop on April, 6th where the concept and scope of work to be done by the ITS was presented as well as some agreements for its operation and criteria for the enterprises participation were made.

The following communities were mobilized:
-    Guarani Indigenous Communities from Paraty Mirim, in Paraty and Boa Vista, in Ubatuba.
-    Quilombola Communities from Campinho da Independência in Paraty, Fazenda, in Ubatuba and Santa Rita do Bracuí in Angra dos Reis.
-    Caiçara Communities from Praia Grande da Cajaíba, Trindade and São Gonçalo, in Paraty and Barra Seca, in Ubatuba.

The Concept of ITS 

The OTSS ITS goal is to attend enterprises located on communities that articulate with the FCT and that use on their agricultural activity and tourism principles of agro-ecology and community based tourism, respectively.

Incubator is a term used to denominate organizations supportive of technological or entrepreneurial initiatives focused on income generation, generally small and micro companies.  Incubators are usually sought before the actual business concretion, still on its project phase, in order to qualify it and to increase its chances of succeeding after the incubation period. Here it is a first important difference between traditional incubators and this one, since the enterprises are already in operation.
 
Business basic modeling,  technical assistance, management capacity and accounting, legal, tributary arrangement are a few of the most common attributes, and necessary to any productive initiative. The ITS idea as a sharing space of administrative, technicians and training services, as well as the use of several theoretical elements and business universe tools are present on this proposal. Since its conception the differentiation, in several layers, between the business and collective/familiar initiatives has been discussed and analyzed in order to compose the concept of OTSS ITS.

The social, cultural, economical and environmental characteristics of communitarian productive initiative, both on the productive chain of agro-ecology as on TBC, are differential actives of the FCT articulated enterprises. On this field OTSS ITS makes use of lessons learned by the Incubadoras de Cooperativas Populares – ITCP, present in some universities, over business focused strategies.

Agreements

Installation and development of an enterprise and communitarian initiatives ITS focused on labor and income generation on the Bocaina territory shall take into consideration the following principles and strategies:

•    Potentiate the actions and strategies foreseen on OTSS;
•    Collect the accumulations and experiences discussed on OTSS;
•    Develop concept and proposal of work as of practical demands diagnosed with the operating enterprises and productive initiatives;
•    Promote participative construction process.

Expand the actions conducted on communities strengthening the presence and action of FCT from its base is one of the priority motivations for the creation of OTSS ITS, which also intend to guarantee:
•    Support for local productive initiatives;
•    That the technical action may not be disconnected from the communities reality, nor depoliticized. Respect and strengthen the bonds, culture and traditional ways of life;
•    That the technical action does not happen on an isolated way, disconnected from the FCT global action. To promote businesses without forgetting that the prime struggle is for the territory, healthy and sustainable;
•    That contact with regulating offices will be more strategic and will involve a greater number of enterprises.

The definition of OTSS ITS reach and goals was discussed in two moments. The first one with leaderships and members of enterprises located on the communities articulated with the FCT on a workshop at Quilombo do Campinho on April, 6th that discussed and established agreements and strategies. On a second moment, on April, 7th, with the coordinating crew and technical members of the OTSS, that with the OTSS planning and the current projects in mind, discussed the ITS implementation viability in an adequate way to the communities characteristics and to FCT/OTSS structure to:
•     Expand the communities and communitarians protagonism on the FCT, on the territory and on business;
•    Strengthen local organizations;
•    Identify and share experiences;
•    Qualify the productive initiatives;
•    Scale out the demand for support;
•    Make a working agenda with the available local technical team.
 
 As of the acknowledge of the enterprises characteristics we stepped onto indentifying the most common and some other differentiated demands, typifying the most common forms of organizations (collective and/or familiar), as well as the most recurrent businesses (touristic routes, restaurants, lodgings, etc) to list some of the fields of knowledge that are priority on the ITS  attendance.
 
The productive initiatives centrality for the ITS action definition is the strategy central element, as well as the respect towards the FCT principles and strategies.

Methodological strategies prioritized by the ITS action:
•    PARTITION of knowledge among enterprises members with the participation of technicians;
•    Local technical support;
•    Theoretical, practical and in service training.

Next Steps

The ITS implementing process closes its first stage with the workshop held on April 2016. Throughout the period reported on this document, studies were developed, diagnoses and a wide forming mobilization process enabled by the technicians contribution and specially by the wide partition process of development strategies among the communitarians.

The ITS workshop concluded this process with the discussion on principles for its operation and participating criteria, but on top of it all with the invitation for the communitarians engagement and participation on its implementation.

The FCT and OTSS/Fiocruz Executive Coordinations, two 100% dedicated project scholarship technicians, with eventual contribution from the other scholarship technicians from the team, specially on the areas of communication, law and administration, as well as the local articulators are directly involved with its implantation, according to the planning made on April, 7th 2016.

Considering the communities demand for services superior, at this moment, from the ITS support capacity. As well as the need of giving sequence to the mobilization process and scale to the work, it was decided for the incubation of the Community Based Tourism Routes.

Some communities, as of the touristic and agro-ecological pre-existing enterprises, have been thinking the tourism chain network, articulating, in greater or smaller level of governance, their several actives trough Touristic Routes. The routes work, for its capacity of articulating new actors and (re)mobilizing the communities, has been defined as priority for the next months..

The identification of four communities, among 17 articulated to the FCT, to get the work started, will be concluded with the communities participation on the next TBC Partition to be held on the first two weeks of May 2016, and the works also to be started next month.

Discuss