Updated Sep 07, 2019

Value Addition to Bio-Wastes; A Panacea to Sustainable Development in Perpetuity

https://fwt.futa.edu.ng/profile.php?staffid=883

Babatunde Ajayi

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Value added products made from bio-wastes (wood wastes, agricultural wastes, weeds) using plastic wastes, car battery case and inorganic materials as binder with simple, affordable and adaptable technology

The products are hybrids of organic, inorganic (cement) and plastic (virgin and recycled) raw materials reinforced with assorted wood wastes, weeds and agricultural by-products, using adaptable and innovative manufacturing techniques. These products are versatile as they can be suitably made from a wide range of non-conventional raw materials sourced locally. Bio-wastes that are found suitable...
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The products are hybrids of organic, inorganic (cement) and plastic (virgin and recycled) raw materials reinforced with assorted wood wastes, weeds and agricultural by-products, using adaptable and innovative manufacturing techniques. These products are versatile as they can be suitably made from a wide range of non-conventional raw materials sourced locally. Bio-wastes that are found suitable from local sources for value added products include: Yam stem; Maize-stalk & cob; Coconut fiber; Palm kennel fiber; Cassava stem; Banana stem residues; Rice husk; Ground nut shell; Bamboo particles; Eupatorium odorata; Sugarcane waste; Luffa cylindrical; Elephant grass; Cow bone; Water hyacinth etc. The bio-wastes are processed into particles by hammermill and thereafter screened to remove impurities before board manufacturing. Particles for inorganic bonded boards were treated in hot water to remove the superfluous materials capable of inhibiting the setting and curing of the binder. The particles, binder and additive were mixed together and formed inside a mould. Thereafter, the mattress formed is pre-pressed and pressed to form the final board. Plastic bonded composite were produced through extrusion or injection moulding procedure using fine particles and pelleted plastics. Areas of application include: 1. Ceiling 2. Floor tiles 3. Wall Paneling. 4. Partitioning 5. Roofing 6. Furniture components 7. Core and low cost houses 8. Pots and vessels 9. Automobile components etc.
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Stage 3: Proof of Concept

The products have proven to be suitable alternative to sawn timber and other panel products after evaluation of strength, dimensional movement and accelerated ageing properties to meet demand in construction, automobile and electronic industries
Registered in Nigeriain Nigeria

Focus Areas:

Waste Management, Forestry, Agriculture and 2 MoreSEE ALL

Waste Management, Forestry, Agriculture, Entrepreneurship and Housing and InfrastructureSEE LESS

Implemented In:

Nigeria

NigeriaSEE LESS

1
Country Implemented In

Problem

Environmental Problems - pollution, siltation of waterways, flooding, plastic in the ocean Climate Change - Global warming caused by Over-exploitation of forest resources Poverty Food Insecurity Housing - High cost of construction materials, Deficiency in the supply of valuable, economic and well known species Obsolete Engineering and Architectural design - Inadequate modern technology in wood wastes management, processing and utilization

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Solution

Wastes from wood, agriculture and weed can be used in manufacturing affordable value-added panel product that have proven to be suitable alternative to sawn timber. Plastic, weeds and wastes generated from the forestry and agricultural sector are enormous in Nigeria and can be used to create sustainable wealth. The production of value added products from the vast bio-wastes in our immediate environment will minimize pressure on forests, mitigate climate change, and curb siltation of water ways.

Target Beneficiaries

Such environmentally friendly and easily replicated value added bio-composites from non-conventional raw materials can conveniently stand as an alternatives to wood products in meeting the demand for sustainable construction materials for core and low cost housing in rural and urban areas, electronics and automobile industries. Also to Increase farmers’ income and alleviate poverty among the rural and urban dwellers. The innovation will promote entrepreneurship in the country.

Mission and Vision

The mission is to eradicate poverty and promote sustainable prosperity worldwide by increasing raw materials for construction industries, create job opportunities, increased food production,reduce pressure on forest biodiversity, develop innovative science & technology in engineering, architectural designs and building mega structures . The vision: to be a product used worldwide as alternative to sawn timber; enhance eco-stability, industrial development, research and service delivery.

Competitive Advantage

• Increase farmer’s income and alleviate poverty; • Increase raw materials supplies for construction industries; • Create job opportunities for low and high income earners; • Increases food production; • Reduce pressure on forest resources biodiversity; • Develop innovative science and technology in engineering, architectural designs and building mega structures; • Produce innovations in products manufacturing, processing and utilization; • Mitigation of climate change by reducing forest exploitation to maintain balanced ecosystem • Provision of value added panel that can favourably serve as substitute to sawn timber. • The availability of the major raw materials found locally • Simplicity of its manufacturing technology • Availability to small scale entrepreneurship • High resistance to termites, insects and fungi attack; moisture, freezing, fire • Good insulating properties, durability, nailability • Non-aggressive and non-contagious nature of dust derived from the process

Planned Goals and Milestones

Implementation of concept, build up of pilot units and up-scaling of production for commercialization. Enhance farming activities for food security, acquire and install machinery and equipment for large-scale production. Development of housing units for low & high income earners from the materials. Further investigations into other agricultural wastes and weeds worldwide for manufacturing of value added products useful in construction, electronics, automobile and other allied industry.
Funding Goal85,000
Projected Cumulative Lives Impacted100
New Implemented CountriesNigeria
Recruit4 co-researchers, 4 technical experts, 5 Research assistants, 2 engineers, 2 architects, 4 agriculturist/ forest waste management experts, supervisors and field officers.
New FeatureCreate different product to suit specific applications. Upgrade its surface appearances for aesthetic purposes.

The Team Behind the Innovation

The team is made up of experienced and technical professionals who has the requisite knowledge in sourcing, processing and bio-waste value addition techniques. The team also include skilled builders and artisans that will be involved in the hands-on utilization of the value-added products in the construction of affordable, core and low cost buildings. The team comprises of both male and female most of whom are energetic youth

EXECUTIVE TEAM INCLUDES WOMEN AND YOUTH

Milestone

Mar 2019
Recognition ReceivedPENDING
Nov 2016
Date Unknown
New Country Implemented In
Nigeria

Supporting Materials

Value-added-products-from-bio-wastes-Babatunde-Ajayi.pdf