TEMPA measure economic impacts of tourism around protected areas of developing countries. TEMPA is an easy to use tool for non-economists that demonstrates that conservation can also be an engine for low-impact, high added-value economic growth.
As part of a larger effort to assess the socio-economic impacts of GEF-funded Protected Areas, the Tourism Economic Model for Protected Areas (TEMPA) was developed to help guide project managers and others stakeholders of developing countries in the collection, analysis and display of tourism spending data using an easy to use spreadsheet-based tool, which is also provided. Normally these analy...SEE ALL
As part of a larger effort to assess the socio-economic impacts of GEF-funded Protected Areas, the Tourism Economic Model for Protected Areas (TEMPA) was developed to help guide project managers and others stakeholders of developing countries in the collection, analysis and display of tourism spending data using an easy to use spreadsheet-based tool, which is also provided. Normally these analysis have been done only by economists consultants hired to develop the studies. Our proposal is to offer a model that can be used by the park managers and other stakeholders that are working in the field normally with budget and staff restrictions. SEE LESS
TEMPA was idealized and developed in 2015. In 2016 was tested in two national parks in Africa and in the national system of protected areas in Brazil. Brazil federal agency adopted the model and implemented an annual analysis in 2017 and 2018.
Economic Growth and Trade, Testing & Assessment and Natural Resources
Economic Growth and Trade, Testing & Assessment and Natural ResourcesSEE LESS
Funds Raised to Date
Protected areas (PAs) may contribute significantly to local economies through trip-related visitor spending on goods and services, indirect supply-chain spending, economic activity induced by the presence of the PA, and park operations. However, in general, PA agencies are more accustomed to financial reports which deal only with direct income and costs, while failing to consider the wider scope of monetary value generated by PAs for local, and the larger provincial and national economies.
An analysis of the economic impact of tourism was developed to measure visitor spending around PAs in Brazil. The initiative reinforced that economic impacts of tourism influence directly the PAs, as well as indirectly other businesses and the local communities, generating greater economic benefits for local communities that have a higher household dependency on the surrounding natural resources.
Results in Brazil identified that each dollar invested in the PA system produced $7 in economic benefits. In 2017, the 10,7 million visitors spent about U$ 530 million on local communities around PAs. The total contribution of these expenditures was around 80 thousand jobs, U$ 583 million in income, U$ 822 million in aggregated value to GDP and U$ 2,2 billion in sales. In regards to taxes, a total of U$ 240 million in taxes was generated.
Mission and Vision
Assessing economic impacts of tourism in protected areas (PA) provides a way for park managers of developing countries to inform stakeholders of the value of PAs in serving not just for conservation purposes, but as engines for relatively low-impact, high added-value economic growth.
The TEMPA model assists the manager with entering data and calculating the economic impact of a park. Setting up the calculations to estimate the economic effects of tourism expenditure may seem rather daunting, especially to people with little experience in economics and the analysis of economic data. Therefore, the model that will do most of the work, and is likely to surprise with how easy it is to use. Most important, TEMPA purpose is to be offered for free, making accessible and democratic tourism economic impact analysis.
Planned Goals and Milestones
TEMPA is being developed to be a FREE plataform, easy to use, that will guide and support park managers and other stakeholders to prepare their own studies from entering the data till generating the report. However, even being a GEF supported project, TEMPA still needs funds and recognition to move from the actual spreadsheet to the on-line platform, and also, to gather data from different countries (right now, TEMPA only offers multipliers from Brazil, Zambia and South Africa)
|New Implemented Countries||Cape Verde, Guatemala, Gabon, Ecuador, Cuba, Congo, Republic of the, Colombia, China, Chile, Cambodia, Bolivia, Bangladesh, Argentina, Angola, Haiti, Rwanda, Namibia, Mexico, Kenya, India, Seychelles, Indonesia, Vietnam, Venezuela, Thailand|
The Team Behind the Innovation
Thiago Souza, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio)
Alex Chidakel, University of Florida
Brian Child, University of Florida and STAP Panel Member
Wen H. Chang, US Army Corps of Engineers
Virginia Gorsevski, STAP Secretariat
EXECUTIVE TEAM INCLUDES WOMEN