Rice, a staple food for more than half of the world's population, is mostly grown in waterlogged paddy worldwide. However, in order to keep the rice paddy filled with water, a total of about 100 cm of water is added during the growing season in general, which means 10,000 tons of water per hectare. Currently, humans use at least 2 tons of water to produce 1 kg of rice. To make matters worse, when rice is grown in water, the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter produces methane (CH4) with a global warming potential of 28-36 based on the US Environmental Protection Agency. About 10 tons of CO2eq are emitted per hectare due to methane in irrigated rice fields.
West Africa's annual rice imports were 1.7 million tons in the early 1990s, but now it has grown up to 10 Mt, half of its consumption, $4.5 billion. Now, about 9 Mha of farmland produce 18 Mt of paddy rice with a yield of only 2 t/ha. If the yield could be raised from 2 to 4 t, West Africa could be self-sufficient in rice. We propose an innovative way that increases the yield up to 6 t/ha of paddy rice using biodegradable film that will be provided free of charge by Clean Development Mechanism.
|Projected Cumulative Lives Impacted||100|
|New Implemented Countries||Chad, Cameroon|
|New Feature||Seed film banks for West Africa are urgently needed.|
Founder and CEO Sung-jin Choe 2015 Korea National Railroad College dropout 2018 MIT-SOLVER (https://solve.mit.edu/challenges/coastal-communities/solutions/4182) 2019.03.03 Green and Seed Corp. Founded (Initial Capital $ 42,000) Specialty: Machine manufacturing using CAD / CAM; Rice farming Founder and Chief Agriculture Officer Young-hoon Choe, father of the CEO Former Researcher at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) Specialty: Rice farming; Bio-degradable films