Updated Mar 29, 2019

Smokeless Stove for Efficient and Safe Cooking in Rural Scenario

Krishna Nandanan

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To bring about an innovative and strategic model of a portable Smokeless Stove for the people living in rural villages of India providing them with a safe and sustainable option for household cooking.

The basic structure of the smokeless stove involves a cylindrical shaped hollow structure which has a fuel door, a vessel mounting provision on top, a holder for portability and an inlet for fresh air intake at the bottom of the stove. The stove will have a tin or a metallic outer body which will be coated with clay or ceramic for the insulation. The insulation will increase the durability of t...
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The basic structure of the smokeless stove involves a cylindrical shaped hollow structure which has a fuel door, a vessel mounting provision on top, a holder for portability and an inlet for fresh air intake at the bottom of the stove. The stove will have a tin or a metallic outer body which will be coated with clay or ceramic for the insulation. The insulation will increase the durability of the stove against high temperatures. A small opening is provided at one of the lateral surfaces of the stove which will act as a chamber for feeding the fuel inside the stove. It consists of a grate which is made of metal. The grate is generally a metallic mesh which improves the rate of combustion and its quality very significantly. This is due to improved supply of primary air under the bed (fuel) and better contact of this air with the fuel. There would be an inflow of air into the combustion chamber to sustain the combustion process. Rate of inflow of air is one of the primary factors determining the efficiency as well as emissions from the smokeless stove.
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Stage 3: Proof of Concept

The product has been designed after analysing the conditions and requirements of the residents of a rural Indian village named Guptapada. The research team has developed the Smokeless Stove design and is presently undergoing testing.
Registered in Indiain India

Focus Areas:

Clean Cooking, Energy Efficiency and Health

Clean Cooking, Energy Efficiency and HealthSEE LESS

Implemented In:

India

IndiaSEE LESS

1
Country Implemented In

Problem

Villagers use dung cakes or firewood as fuel for cooking as it is inexpensive. Long term exposure to the smoke released from traditional Cook Stove causes serious health issues such as respiratory problems and eye irritation for the village women as they are the ones who mostly do the cooking. The problem becomes serious when they are forced to cook indoors during rainy season. Cooking indoors exposes the women to high concentration of hazardous smoke.

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Solution

Introducing a redesigned and cost effective cook stove for efficient and healthy cooking can reduce the smoke, time spent for cooking, protect the health of women and children and also decreased emissions of black carbon, which is an important contributor to worldwide climate change. Smokeless stove would be a great advantage in terms of reduced negative impact on health, improved efficiency, cost effectiveness, and maintaining a clean environment

Target Beneficiaries

Since it is the village women who majorly do the cooking for the household, they are the direct beneficiaries of this product. There are also instances where other members of the household or outsiders might be present in the house during cooking. These indirect beneficiaries could include infants, pregnant women, guests or the entire family members who are forced to stay indoors during rainy season.

Mission and Vision

This innovation is expected to bring about a radical change in rural household cooking in terms of safety, cost effectiveness and sustainability. Implementing this solution will bring about efficient utilisation of cooking fuel thereby bringing in a significant reduction in smoke emissions. Reduction in smoke emissions will eradicate the instances of respiratory illness and eye irritation among the users apart from providing a clean environment to conduct cooking in rural households.

Competitive Advantage

The smokeless stove designed and implemented using the concept of Human Centered Design, i.e. by keeping the needs of the primary users in mind while designing the solution. This design was brought about by considering the requirements of the villagers of an Indian village named Guptapada. The user requirements would be different for people living in various other localities. Portability, cost effectiveness and sustainability are the primary factors that differentiates our model from the ones that are present in the market. Majority of the cook stoves in the market is not designed for rural requirements and could be expensive for the rural targets. The design parameters of the smokeless stove was brought about in consultation with the village women are the potential primary users of this innovation. The scaling up of this innovation will again be dependent on the requirements of the community.

Planned Goals and Milestones

The Smokeless Stove model is currently undergoing testing process in order to ensure its sustainability and effectiveness. The testing is being conducted in different environments to ensure the possibility of scaling the solution to various other villages. Post its successful testing, the solution will be implemented in village of Guptapada, Odisha, India. The village women will be provided basic training on how to use the Smokeless Stove.
Funding Goal2,000
Projected Cumulative Lives Impacted100

The Team Behind the Innovation

Tadi Mownika (Department of Computer Science and Engineering), Sneha Ramesh and Amritha Narayanan (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering), Adithya Ashok Nair and Gokul V D (Department of Mechanical Engineering), Renjith Mohan and Krishna Nandanan (Amrita Center for International Programs) and Harish Mohan (AMMACHI Labs). The project is a part of Live-in-Labs® Academic Program of Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham and the team is comprises of engineering students and staff.

Milestone

Mar 2019
Recognition ReceivedPENDING
Jan 2019
New Product Or Service
A Smokeless stove is designed to ensure significant reduction in the emission of smoke and filtration/treatment of poisonous gases before being let out of the stove
Date Unknown
New Country Implemented In
India