Reducing grain Postharvest and input Loss like aflatoxin, insects or rats offers a more cost effective and environmentally friendly solution than subsidizing agricultural intensification. PHL is reversed best with grower controled metal breathing roofs, on raised self cleaning floors at control points. For tenure-less growers utility that is mobile between optimal PHL control points replaces Gr...SEE ALL
Reducing grain Postharvest and input Loss like aflatoxin, insects or rats offers a more cost effective and environmentally friendly solution than subsidizing agricultural intensification. PHL is reversed best with grower controled metal breathing roofs, on raised self cleaning floors at control points. For tenure-less growers utility that is mobile between optimal PHL control points replaces Gross loss with marketing Net by leaving stationary behind and parking so a truck can haul loads.SEE LESS
How does your innovation work?
NeverIdleMobile Utility Storage works because it offers land tenure insecure growers, harvest-tenure or control of storage assest by adding wheels to high utility grain storage bins.
Historically SSA grains are stored in stationary farm or home storage constructed from primitive or traditional mud, grass and wood (locally available materials). Recently some Development projects have framed plastic bags and metal cans that are “air-tight for non-residual fumigation,” family-sized (FAO, 2015) Grain Distribution Logistics and Infrastructure (GDLI).. However, small operations that just store family food are not providing safe nutrition or marketing surplus grain for peace-of-mind like “health care, school fees, retirement, National food security or exports.”
The capacity required to store large amounts of grain for food mean AID funded production packages implement collection silos/shed, reserve and distribution centers that are managed by institutions. Family-sized or institution GDLI is designed for the average local harvest. Average harvest is rare and GDLI is often idle or overflowing because weather or crop pests always affect the amount of harvest. If average is not local, distant capacity reduces the net benefits of investment because institutions are unlikely to prioritize grower peace-of-mind so idle GDLI "becomes rusting monuments to inappropriate technology transfer. None of the other institutional storage facilities owned by MoFA, FASCOM, CMB, Action AID or others were being used” (Armah, 2006).
Overflowing, idle or distant GDLI has very serious consequences like “An estimated 500 million of the poorest people in sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and Asia are exposed to mycotoxins [like aflatoxin] at levels that substantially increase mortality and morbidity" (IARC, 2016).
“AID Amnesia” (2014) means "benefits from improved storage technologies are seldom systematically compared with their costs” (Kaminski, 2014).
Readily available and cost effective storage will reverse PHL just like hand washing with soap prevents ebola. However, Ruxin (2014) advises “Step One to Fighting Ebola - Start with Corruption."
"Encouragingly, though, tackling [grain] postharvest loss is not rocket science. It does not require technological breakthroughs or years of high level scientific research as do some of the other challenges we face" (Cousins, 2014). However, Development frameworks lack meaning to growers who need GDLI that scales to stop aflatoxin and other PHL. Dr. Cardwell (2015) presents growers "whose scale of operation is too small to be able to produce SAFE FOOD, are too small to farm maize (or any aflatoxin sensitive staples)."
Too store grain, airtight storage needs a well maintained roof and raised platform to stop loss associated with the condensation (caused by day and night temperatures) that aflatoxin producing fungi and insects need. Local artisan constructed airtight metal cans are fragile, difficult to transport and roofs and raised platforms are stationary.
How It Works.
Breathable storage mitigates condensation and protects many types of grain including paddy rice, inputs like seed or fertilizer with high utility metal roofs, walls and cone shaped floors that are raised above rats and ground water. Robust raised utility allows gravity to ease access, processing and cleaning. Combining breathability, utility and integral wheels creates GDLI that adapts to the amount and location of multiple harvests a year by “parking cost-effectively so trucks can go to haul heavy loads” (Bessonova, 2015). Properly dried and stored in Mobile utility, grain is easy to monitor, handle and fumigate when needed, so grower investment is secure.
Minority world stored-grain researchers “recommend utility because it is more effective than other GDLI at reversing food grain PHL” and farmers adopt utility because metal storage is cost-effective for a very long time. However, minority world farmers have “Rights that create incentives for technology adoption” (Easterly, 2015) like land-tenure for investment that is stationary.
Currently land-tenure does not suit SSA and “tenure insecurity” (Perez, 2014) allows any change to make stationary utility GDLI a risky investment.
Development production packages try to reduce the risk of producing surplus with warehouse receipt systems (WRS). However, the limited utility of metal cans, plastic bags or jute sacks mean “WRS are typically multimillion projects [institutions] that do not work, as the marketing environment is not sufficiently developed to support them. Even if they did work [after support ends], they [WRS] would not help smallholders, which they are often claimed to do" (Ferris, 2013).
Never distant - overflowing - idle, mobile utility GDLI is “an innovation that merits demonstration!” (Guay, 2014) and offers growers “harvest-tenure when and where peace-of-mind is needed to invest and scale grower operations to produce safe food optimally.” Harvest-tenure is especially important for those who suffer corruption and the drudgery needed to provide peace-of-mind to rural families.
- +50 years of research and testing (Butler, 1907), (Proctor, 1999), (Opit, 2016)
- Cimbria, African Grain Care, sell and maintain 1000s of stationary metal grain bins and silos (some grower controlled) across Africa. Wheels work on wagons/tractors/trailers/trucks and now utility bins, so it is easy improve stationary utility for tenure-insecure growers to produce surplus grain.
However, although utility offers grower Net benefit, mobility disrupts a "political lobby that attract donations for bottlenecks that benefit technocrats" or stationary sack warehouse bias (SSWB). Proving the obvious, that wheels on wagons and now storage bins provide the significant utility needed by tenure-insecure growers to produce surplus grain, attracts chilling repercussions from sensitive African male egos.