Mission and Vision
One of the products of aquaculture is microalgae. As a type of microorganism (1-50 m), microalgae uses light energy and water to metabolize CO2 into inorganic compounds CH2O (Ayustama, 2011). According to Susanti (2014) Indonesia's geographical condition, with more than 70 percent are sea completed by high light intensity, could enable many development efforts for managing its bioresouce like microalgae. One of the kind of microalgae is Spirulina Plantesis, which normally can grow well in lakes, freshwater, sea, soil media, including in media that have a high alkalinity (pH 8.5 to 11), where other microorganisms cannot grow well in this condition (Kebede and Ahligren, 1996). Generally, this species is used as traditional foods, like what Mexicans and Africans usually consume since it contains rich nutrients (can prevent from malnutrition) such as vitamin B12, amino acids, carotenoids, and phytopigment xanthophyll. More importantly, it is very easy to digest.
Besides turned into food, this type of microalgae can also be used as new renewable energy, changing the microalgae into biofuel (Kawaroe, 2008), fertilizer for agricultural plants (Sumantri et al, 2010), and CO2 absorber (to reduce air pollution 4.8 to 6% volume and 0.8 to 1 gr absorb capacity per day) (BPPT, 2008). Thus, it is not surprising that the demand for microalgae, is getting higher day by day (Rahardjo, 2008). In fact, the cultivation or culture of microalgae like Spirulina in Indonesia and even other ASEAN Member States are also highly potential to plant since the countries are mostly covered by sunlight.
However, the fact shows that most of the microalgae in Indonesia is developed only in the scale of laboratories which less supply and almost all of its problems relies on the use of conventional farming system which impacts on the low productivity and the less amount of microalgae itself. This type of farming is inefficient. It can be seen in the way to spread the fertilizer in microalgae manually. As a result, it can influence the growth of Spirulina because of the high acidity scale (pH/ potential of hydrogen) (Suminto, 2009). To increase the supply of microalgae through an appropriate farming system, there is a challenge to create an innovative and sustainable technology that can address this problem.
The prospect of MOFEMENT for assissting the cultivation of microalgae is very promising. Previously, using open-pool system, the result of the cultivation of Spirulina Plantesis in Balai Besar Pengembangan Budidaya Air Payau (Brackish Water Aquaculture Development Center) reaches up to 50 g / m2 (Sukarni et.al, 2015). However, with the advanced technology from MOFEMENT, as an effective and efficient fertilizer spreader for Spirulina Platensis, it can provide a greater amount in the growth of Spirulina Platensis at 5 g / m2 / day so that after using this tool, it could produce Spirulina Platensis at 55 g / m2 / day. In addition, from the increasing productivity of Spirulina Platensis, it will have an implication also on the absorption of CO2. As the farmer uses MOFEMENT, it will automatically be faster and more in terms of the energy in the cultivation of microalgae. More importantly, MOFEMENT also uses rice husk as a catalyst in order to increase the productivity of microalgae, thus it helps decreasing the amount of rice husk waste.
MOFEMENT or called as "Automatic Feeding Machine based on Internet of Things" is an eco-friendly, affordable, and practical fertilizer spreader and automatic catalyst which can be used to monitor, control and log the condition of microalgae through an accessible online and offline electronic devices. This tool was created specifically for the purpose of increasing the productivity and the amount of microalgae. The product is also potential to be commercialized in ASEAN Member States.
How does your innovation work?
Technically, to operate this tool, it depends on the light sensor that detects the hole for the rice husk and fertilizer. If the hole detects a change, then the micro servo motors (MSM) will work. This tool will also work if the timing of the catalyst as well as the fertilizer for microalgae is already on time because the tool is complemented by a sound sensor that is Real Time Clock. One unit scale prototype is cost only around Rp 100,000, or approximately $9 we can get the tool and enjoy its multi-benefits.
It is an eco-friendly, affordable, and practical fertilizer spreader and automatic catalyst which can be used to monitor, control and log the condition of microalgae through an accessible online and offline electronic devices.
Planned Goals and Milestones
The product is generally potential to be commercialized, since it is very promising to be developed for business purposes. Along with the implementation of this technology, it will be a big deal to propose this innovative technology to related government such as the Directorate General of Aquaculture. In the use of MOFEMENT, there are many future implications that can be achieved, particularly in its benefits for food security. MOFEMENT will scale-up a new advanced farming system that can enhance the production process of microalgae in ASEAN, thereby significantly improving the productivity and the amount of microalgae. By using MOFEMENT, it can be used to help the farmer and the food industry to produce more nutritious products that can enhance food security, especially for animal feed and human food (especially for dietary products and functional food). Next, in the aspect of agriculture, this technology can assist the farmer to produce more fertilizer. More importantly, this technology can also be used as new renewable energy producing biofuels.
We intend to gain further opportunity to seek for funding and build up a partnership with inter-related company or any other stakeholders thay may be interest in realizing this product. As we aim to solve the global issue related to energy efficieny, food security, and agriculture we believe that our proposed technology can fulfill the needs of the world in years to come. But the challenge relies on how it can be duplicated and replicated to another regions so that the impact can be spread widely across the world. Using our technology, we believe it will open the horizon of people and change their minset out the huge benefit of microalgae. We want to help the world through microalgae because we believe that microalage is something magical that can adress many alarming issues in this earth.