Updated Dec 15, 2020

Integrated Management of the Soil and Water Resources for Maximizing and Sustainability the Productive and Environmental Returns

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Ismail Sahar

Development, adaptation, improvement and productivity increase of strains from non-traditionally oily, annual and grassy plant (Salicornia europaea) from 600 kg oil to 3500 kg oil/fed as human oil up to 97 % purity growing in a highly saline environment.

The Agricultural production system in Egypt faces some challenges, which differ in the quality and severity with different locations, characteristics of soil and water resources, and the requirements of various agricultural crops. Therefore, adopting an integrated management method is the best way to achieve the desired productivity, economic, social and environmental goals. The current national innovation aims to achieve the mentioned goals for the “Salam Canal project” area in the North of Sinai, which was designed to reclaim and develop 400,000 feddans in east of the Suez Canal using irrigation by Salam Canal water (mixed water from the fresh water of the Nile River with agricultural and industrial drainage water at appropriate shares). Such mixed water resources has specific chemical characteristics related to salinity, and some pollutants which would be taken into consideration when the mixed water is used for reclamation of desert soil resources (East of Suez Canal) which prevailed texture of sandy soils with variation of textures in different locations. The proposed project aims to establish ideal farms at two different locations along the Canal extension representing the greater majority of the desert soil properties in the region. Appropriate cropping patterns were specified for each farm to cope with productivity limitations according to the prevailing soil and water properties. The cropping patterns include oil, forage, medicinal and aromatic plants, and crops producing industrial products including fibers and industrial oils. The cropping pattern would be included in integrated farming systems of two year rotation. The suitability and capabilities of the chosen crops with the main properties of the resources prevailing in the locations were certified through previous research efforts, but, unfortunately still locked in published papers and reports. The list of proposed species includes salicornia, castor bean, rush, cactus, fodder beet, sorghum, millet and medicinal species. These species represent high levels of adaptability to extreme environmental conditions regarding salinity of soil and water and soil quality. Activities to be implemented in the two ideal farms will include: specifying the factors limiting productivity, farming and irrigation techniques, applied fertilizers and its nature, harvesting methods and possible post-harvest technique. All production inputs, labor costs, economic returns and marketing of products will be compiled for each component of the farming system. An integrated innovation team will assess and compile all relevant data referred to data analysis and determining the results and socio-economic returns in addition to job opportunities that could be generated relevant to implementation of the proposed innovation and finally the members of project team will participate in extension activities directed to the local farmers and possible investors in El-Salam Canal desert locations. Model of integrated management for proposed cropping pattern depends on participation of multiple partners in the production and manufacturing cycle to maximize the added value and creation of work-societies depended on local ingredients lead to additional benefits includes increase of income and diversifying work-seasons and participation levels for these communities towards final processing and marketing of soil products.
Registered in Egypt as Otherin Egypt as Other

Focus Areas:

Agriculture Water Management, Soil Management, Post Harvest and 2 MoreSEE ALL

Agriculture Water Management, Soil Management, Post Harvest, Processing & Production and Food Safety and StandardsSEE LESS

Implemented In:



Country Implemented In
Funds Raised to Date

The Team Behind the Innovation

The main team members Dr. Salah Abd El-Nabi Elshahat, Researcher in Department of Soil Conservation-Water Resources and Desert Soils Division, Desert Research Center (DRC). a) Following up the field works, monitoring and evaluation. b) Supervising of yield measurements and their analysis in the field and laboratory. c) Supervising of training and seminar events. (youth) Dr. Ahmed Mohamed Abu-shady, Assistant professor in Soil Physics and Chemistry Department, Chemistry Unit – Desert Research Centre (youth). a) Collecting of soil samples from field to determine soil chemical properties. b) Participation in soil chemical analysis in the lab. Dr. Sherin Shehata Marid, Professor in Soil Physical and Chemistry (female) Department, head of Chemistry Unit- Desert Research Center (DRC). The main tasks are: a) Supervising of all soil chemical analysis in the lab and preparing a report about it. b) Participation for conducting of statistical analysis of all data has been collected of this project and representing results. Eng. Gamal Bekhit Abd El-Ghany Mahrous, Senior speciallist in Soil Physical and Chemistry Department, Water Requirements Unit- Desert Research Centre. The main tasks are: (youth) a) Identification of moisture properties of soils under study. b) Optimal water management of plants under study including: • Accounting of water irrigation requirements according to nature of soil. • Accounting of actually water consumption for plants. • Accounting of water consumption efficiency and water using economics. Kamilia Ashraf Fathy Mansour, B.Sc. from Menofya University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of of Soil and Water Resources. The main tasks are: a) Collecting of soil samples periodically to determine the moisture content, bulk density, particle size distribution, infiltration rate, field capacity, wilting percentage, hydraulic conductivity and total porosity for all experimental units. b) Conducting of statistical analysis of all data has been collected of data, Dr. Hoda Abdou iIlia, Asisstant professor in Soil Physics and Chemistry Department, Chemistry Unit – Desert Research Centre. The main tasks are: (female) a) Chemical and physical analysis of all collected soil samples. b) Participation for conducting of statistical analysis of all data has been collected of this project.



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