THE PROPOSED SOLUTION
Considering the target population which consists of over 5 million people according to the census conducted in 2006, the rate of consumption of products such as bottle waters, canned foods and drinks, and other materials wrapped or packaged in non-degradable substances such as nylon and plastics is very high on a daily basis and these products after consumption would now be referred to as wastes would constitute a major health hazard if not properly disposed.
My team proposes an initial 5-month workshop to address these sustainability problems. This workshop would be responsible for the following activities below listed during the time period stated above.
My team would complement the activities of both public and or private sanitation and waste management agencies towards achieving sanitation. This includes the employment and the transport of workers, sanitary drums, kits and other equipment to ensure the cleanliness of specific sites in Ibadan. Blocked drainage channels would be worked on to ensure free flow of rainwater so as to prevent flooding. Series of group meetings would be taken to ensure this. Sanitary drums would be distributed at both on land and banks of water bodies to prevent dumping at landfills and waterbodies. This strategy aims at facilitate youth involvement especially the unemployed among them.
This is aimed at the psychological re-orientation of inhabitants both in the rural and the urban set-up on the problems and solutions to the challenges of sustainability through various forms of media such as:
a) Stickers would be given to car and bus owners i.e. transit vehicle workers and customer vehicle owners during traffic.
b) Distribution of fliers and handbills to passers-by, owners of shops/marts, motorcyclists, homes and offices.
c) Large Bill boards and banners awareness.
d) Awareness during Radio and Television programmes mostly during weekends when people have time to listen.
e) Social media awareness which is of course the cheapest and fastest means of awareness.
Traditional media such as stickers, fliers and handbills would be used so as to reach inhabitants of rural set-ups who may not have a radio or television set and the mass distribution of these media would be sped-up duly by the youths in the society and incentives would be given to these youths upon completion to encourage them.
Online competitions and web questionnaires:
To educate youngsters of age bracket (12-27) who constantly love to surf the internet, staging online competitions and creating web questionnaires is a great idea towards awareness. These youngsters would be encouraged to participate as soon as cash prizes are involved. Although funds would really be disbursed, the knowledge about sustainability becomes duly circulated and it would instill the habit of sustainable living in that these youngsters can correct their older ones and vice versa.
Recycling and Solar Businesses:
My team proposes to increase the use of clean energy forms and renewables by urban and rural inhabitants. This can only be achieved by establishing more solar and recycling businesses. Plastic, scrap metal and other form of waste can be converted into a lot of useful materials such as cooking fuel, packaging materials and so on. Solar gadgets such as solar inverters, solar power banks and installations of other devices with the aid of a solar panel would be a business my team would venture into so as to ensure the spread of affordable and sustainable energy.
Analysis/research towards green energy/sustainability: An assessment would be carried
out on topics listed below which may lead to further ideas/innovation communicated back various world organizations involved with the accomplishment of the SDG’s. It could also be a media for the generation of more funds for community project and more businesses.
1) A cost effective model for the operation and installation of the biogas-electrical energy for rural households in Nigeria- a case study to reduce rural-urban migration and aid rural infrastructural development in Nigeria.
2) The incorporation of electronic sensors and mobile apps for monitoring the use of electrical energy in urban homes and offices in South-West Nigeria.
3) The problems of private public partnerships for the efficient management of solid waste in the urban and rural setting in Nigeria and the possible solutions.
4) The pros of bio-fueling Nigeria. An energy proposal aimed to reduce the ecological (carbon) footprint of the nation Nigeria.
The table below shows the summary of the estimated cost(s) required for implementing the proposed strategies when launching the workshop in one city/state in south-west Nigeria
Items for one city Amount Needed ($)
Awareness – all forms of media 10000
Information Technology (IT) 2000
Analysis/Research – other topics may come up 2000
Miscellaneous such as transport expenses, bank charges and capital depreciation 1000
Permits/licenses and other registration expenses 1000
Recycling and Solar Businesses 24000
Explanation: During the 5-month workshop, $2000 would be spent per month on awareness which totals to $5000. IT is estimated at $400 per month. Sanitation is estimated at $2000 per month. $2000 and $1000 would be used towards the analysis of the topics and permit charges respectively during the 5-month workshop. $24000 to be used to set-up recycling and solar business such that when profit is made, about $5000 would be deducted from the profit each month to ensure continuation of sanitation, awareness strategies, IT and analysis (more topics for research would consequently spring up during group meetings).
Each of my proposed strategies are virtually new and would be implemented for the first time in Ibadan city which is the initial location of my proposed project. Recycling activities are minimal in Ibadan as well as enterprises involved in the purchase and marketing of solar devices. Awareness on sustainability is on the low side especially at the peri-urban and rural communities. The various problems which have been enumerated above would only reduce consequently if my proposed strategies are put in place.
Energy- Looking into biofuels and the probability of its wide scale spread in west african countries. Also the implementation of the gasohol(gasoline ethanol) fuel blend in light duty vehicles.