Updated May 08, 2019

Energy Bicycle - Integration of Solar Energy and Mechanical Energy to Provide Rural Electrification

https://www.amrita.edu/publication/e-cycle-offgrid-solution-rural-electrification

Amritanand Sudheer

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We propose an innovative methodology to generate and store energy produced during the cycling process and use it later for lighting rural households.

We aim to address these challenges and to provide an affordable solution for electrification in rural areas. One of the major challenges is to develop an affordable solution that can be easily used by the villagers. The annual demand for bicycles in India is 2.5 million bicycles per year. Based on our extensive analysis we have found that bicycles are extensively used by villagers as a means of...
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We aim to address these challenges and to provide an affordable solution for electrification in rural areas. One of the major challenges is to develop an affordable solution that can be easily used by the villagers. The annual demand for bicycles in India is 2.5 million bicycles per year. Based on our extensive analysis we have found that bicycles are extensively used by villagers as a means of commutation and for transporting different goods. We propose an innovative methodology to generate and store energy produced during the cycling process and use it later for lighting rural households. The complete system was tested extensively to understand the amount of energy generated with respect to the bicycling speed, duration of cycling, etc., as well as the rate of energy produced from the solar panel during cycling and non-cycling periods during varying weather and seasonal conditions. The system is fine-tuned to increase the efficiency of power generation.
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Stage 3: Proof of Concept

We have developed 5 bicycles as Proof of Concept. The bicycle is being used by the village students. We are looking to develop 1000 more bicycles and distribute to the village students
Registered in Indiain India

Focus Areas:

Energy, Education and Technology

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Implemented In:

India

IndiaSEE LESS

5
Lives Impacted to Date
1
Country Implemented In
1,000
Customers
2
Employees

Problem

Several rural electrification schemes by the Government exist in India, but in spite of various attempts to achieve 100% rural electrification, India has achieved only 44% electrification to rural households. Many households do not have access to electricity. Villages of Juna Kathiwada in Kathiawada district in Madhyapradesh enjoy the status of electricity but owing to the geographical spread of the houses and location, many houses are not connected to the grid.

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Solution

The villagers commute to nearby cities using bicycles. Another Source available in abundance is Solar. The average miles covered by a person in the house is 35 km/day. Fixing a dynamo will help in generating around 20 W/h during their journey. A system was developed that has the capability to generate electricity from two sources, and storing the energy to a battery will help these rural people to energies few LED bulbs at night time. Using this energy, students could learn at night.

Target Beneficiaries

Students, especially from grade 6 to 10, are the beneficiaries of this project. Villagers, bicycle companies, various researchers working in energy and mechanical field, Educational Institutions, electric scooter manufacturers are the other beneficiaries.

Mission and Vision

Statistics show that more than 19000 villages in India are still unelectrified having no access to lighting at all. This is majorly due to lower economic conditions prevailing in the villages, non-accessibility to the village, unsafe building structures that would not be able to support electrical installations, sparsely located houses, harsh terrain conditions and unaffordable tariff rates.

Competitive Advantage

Many studies were carried out and systems were proposed with the aim of delivering electricity to rural masses. One of the projects executed at a rural village in Greece evaluates the possibilities of utilising three main renewable energy sources such as wind, biomass and hydro power for developing an integrated system for dispatching electricity around the area. An integrated off-grid electrification scheme by considering micro hydropower, biomass, biogas and solar energy was provided to seven un-electrified villages in the Almora district of Uttarakhand State, India. The feasibility study of hybrid Photovoltaic–diesel–battery power system to meet the load requirements of a typical remote village in Saudi Arabia was conducted with the goal of reducing the dependency on power generation using fossil fuels. We have chosen solar as the source for integrating into our system as wind energy or hydropower may not be available in every location and we need to provide an affordable solution.

Planned Goals and Milestones

Customise the dynamo design to improve its performance with respect to output power. Design/select the solar panel which can meet the power and size requirements of the system. Effective integration of the different modules and placement of the integrated prototype on the bicycle in a user-friendly manner. Efficient methods for using the energy stored in the battery for lighting, with minimal energy losses
Funding Goal500,000
Projected Cumulative Lives Impacted1,000
New Implemented CountriesMalaysia, India, Egypt, Sri Lanka
Recruit15 Volunteers, 5 Managers, 1 Advisor, 1 Accounts Manager
New FeatureProvide GPS Based tracking facilities where parents can track the student movements using mobile applications

The Team Behind the Innovation

The team consists of multidisciplinary engineers from different streams like electrical, electronics and Mechanical. The team also consists of many student volunteers from the village who help us to fine tune the system based on their test result.

EXECUTIVE TEAM INCLUDES WOMEN AND YOUTH

Milestone

Mar 2019
Recognition ReceivedPENDING
Nov 2016
Lives Impacted
5
Sep 2016
New Product Or Service
Five prototypes distributed to villagers free of cost
Sep 2016
New Country Implemented In
India

Supporting Materials

IEEE-Xplore-E-cycle.pdf