Novel technology for Rainwater Harvesting

The combination implement used in this study was manufactured from local materials to overcome the problems associated to the imported machines like cost and power requirements. The main structure consisted of the parts defined in the following sections: -Chisel plow - Spike-tooth harrow - Seeding unit - Spiked roller (reservoir tillage tool) The combination implement provided, therefore, a ...
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The combination implement used in this study was manufactured from local materials to overcome the problems associated to the imported machines like cost and power requirements. The main structure consisted of the parts defined in the following sections: -Chisel plow - Spike-tooth harrow - Seeding unit - Spiked roller (reservoir tillage tool) The combination implement provided, therefore, a viable option that has positive effects on soil physical properties and increased crop yields compared to minimum tillage and conventional tillage and provided an opportunity to increase agricultural water use efficiency through rainwater harvesting. Furthermore, it could be useful in saving fuel, time and production costs due to the performance of multiple processes at the same time. It is therefore desirable to encourage farmers to initially opt for this technique when switching from conventional tillage to conservation tillage.
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Stage 4: Transition to Scale

to encourage our government and private sector in order to fund and involve into this innovation because it protect the environment from the hazard of soil erosion and improve the agricultural production in marginal regions of the country, and its great effect on social and economic of low income farmers and indigenous Bedouin in these regions.

Focus Areas:

Agriculture, Watersheds, Enabling Environment and 2 MoreSEE ALL

Agriculture, Watersheds, Enabling Environment, Natural Resources and EnvironmentSEE LESS

Implemented In:

Spain and Egypt

Spain and EgyptSEE LESS

25,000
Lives Impacted to Date
2
Countries Implemented In
15,000
Customers
40
Employees
$20
Funds Raised to Date

Problem

Water shortage in arid and semi-arid regions stems from low rainfall and uneven distribution throughout the season, which makes rainfed agriculture a precarious enterprise. One approach to enhance and stabilize the water available for crop production in these regions is to use in-situ rainwater harvesting and conservation technologies.

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Solution

My innovation is a design of a combination machine to simultaneously perform multiple processes for in-situ rainwater harvesting and and planting. This machine comprised of a single-row chisel plow, single-row spike tooth harrow, modified seeder, and spiked roller in order to conserve soil moisture in arid and semi-arid regions due to insufficient rainfall for agriculture.

Target Beneficiaries

Our current customer/users include low income farmers and indigenous Bedouin from urban arid regions, which lives off of an extensive dryland production system, where barley and wheat are the main crops. Human settlements and land use are entirely dependent on rainfall and on various forms of water harvesting to increase the efficiency of runoff water use for human and animal consumption and cultivation and to minimize soil erosion.

Mission and Vision

We found that The combination machine lowers the total cost for mechanization processes by decreasing fuel consumption, labor, maintenance cost and the cost of owning or renting machines. Therefore, it improves the livelihood of poor smallholder farmers due to the increasing in poverty of crop yield and decreasing the total production costs by about 35%.

Competitive Advantage

The conventional tillage , corresponding to the traditional method used by local farmers in this region of two passes of tillage operation using a chisel plow, seven tines with working width of 175 cm, followed by manual spreading of seeds after tillage. The combination machine increased soil infiltration, producing a rate of 48% higher than that obtained in the traditional method. The lowest values of runoff and soil loss were recorded under the combination machine as 4.91 mm and 0.65 t /ha, whereas the highest values were recorded under the traditional method as 11.36 mm and 1.66 t/ ha, respectively. In conclusion, the combination machine enhanced the infiltration rate, increased water harvesting efficiency, reduced runoff and achieved the highest yield of wheat.

Planned Goals and Milestones

In order to expand the use of our innovation, we are intensifying education and community awareness creation to encourage farmers to initially opt for this technique. We are also expanding our distribution and marketing network. This would improve customer access to our products thus meeting customer needs. We are expanding distribution to other districts in Egypt as part of our scaling strategy.

Funding Goal100,000
Projected Cumulative Lives Impacted15,000
New Implemented CountriesMorocco, Jordan, Tunisia
Recruit1 Management, 3 volunteers
New FeatureThe innovation product is an effective system of harvesting water and conserving soil.

The Team Behind the Innovation

This project was financed and supported by the Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt, and the Rural Engineering Department, Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain. Dr. Haytham Mohamed has a PhD in Agricultural Engineering from the Technical University of Madrid, Spain. He is a researcher of Soil and Water Conservation at Desert Research Center, Egypt. Dr. Haytham is a recipient of several grants and awards.

EXECUTIVE TEAM INCLUDES WOMEN

Milestone

Mar 2019
Recognition ReceivedPENDING
Feb 2019
Lives Impacted
10,000
Apr 2018
Lives Impacted
15,000
Date Unknown
New Country Implemented In
Egypt
Date Unknown
New Country Implemented In
Spain

Supporting Materials

1-s2.0-S0167198715000549-main.pdf