Updated May 24, 2019

Creating Electronic United Nations (eUN)


Takeshi Utsumi

The Paris climate pact in December of 2015 was a historical success with the 195 nations’ pledges to reduce the greenhouse gases warming. Their pledges need to be improved significantly with rigorous simulation studies as interlinking their models together via broadband Internet, as forming the “Electronic African Union” and ultimately the “Electronic United Nations.” This will provide regular ...
The Paris climate pact in December of 2015 was a historical success with the 195 nations’ pledges to reduce the greenhouse gases warming. Their pledges need to be improved significantly with rigorous simulation studies as interlinking their models together via broadband Internet, as forming the “Electronic African Union” and ultimately the “Electronic United Nations.” This will provide regular and transparent global cooperation with collective and shared responsibilities in democratic fashion.
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1. Need for Superior Approach: Simulation is an indispensable tool for decision-making, since world phenomena is getting more complicated beyond human perception. Global simulation models of socio-economic-energy-environmental systems are currently constructed and executed as aggregating several or all countries without any considerations to national boundaries and hence without any considerations to the uniqueness of those individual countries. The models are also constructed without key inputs by knowledgeable experts in participating countries, resulting in a failure to faithfully simulate not only the intricacies of those countries, but also the important interrelationship among the simulating countries. This is in direct violation of the most basic rule of simulation. Subsequently, most current simulation projects lack accuracy, in spite of huge expenditures for highly intellectual manpower and equally large monetary expenses for computing, information and telecommunication facilities. Further, there is an urgent need to promote a rational and scientific approach to policy analysis and evaluation among government officials and future leaders based on facts and figures, especially on confrontation-prone issues. Lastly, leaders need to learn how to live peacefully with their neighbors. A more thorough knowledge and understanding of their inter-relationships offer the possibility of transforming adversaries into global collaborators. There is a need for superior results compared with the aggregated approach:
  1. letting knowledgeable experts in the country construct their models thus improving the accuracy of the models, i.e., democratic approach compared to autocratic/totalitarian grid computation approach,
  2. realizing the simulation based on the facts and figures with insertion of real-time data into the simulation models,
  3. utilizing inexpensive Beowulf mini-supercomputer approach with a cluster of laptops, thus avoiding a large footprint of extensive electrical power usage in multi-million dollars/year range for large supercomputer, and
  4. preserving the security of data within their own national boundaries.
In a sense, this project will execute highly non-linear simultaneous ordinary differential equations of system dynamics simulation models in repetitive mode with asynchronous human interventions. These models will be distributed around the world, but interconnected with each other through broadband Internet, thus forming a global model in a global virtual supercomputer. 2. System Analysis: The complex socio-economic-energy-environmental system of a country should firstly be system analyzed, hopefully, utilizing the cause-and-effect diagram of the system dynamics methodology, which is based on feedback mechanisms of cybernetic theory. Each component or stakeholder may be identified for their behaviors with positive or negative feedback mechanisms. This diagram may help to subdivide the complex total system into appropriate sectors. Knowledgeable experts of each sector may then refine the system analysis and inter-relations among their component sectors with the feedback mechanisms. Simulation models may then be constructed for their sectors, which will be interlinked to form a comprehensive national simulation model. 3. Simulation Methodology: The simulation models of the selected methodology, which can produce a time-series table, may be included in at least one computer with a user interface. The computer may be a desktop, laptop, or a smart mobile device, such as a tablet smart phone. The computer may access the software via the web browser using the Internet, extranet, intranet, host server, internet cloud and the like. 4. Distributed Simulation for Superior Approach: Our project will enable each specific country to have its own simulation models constructed and maintained autonomously by knowledgeable local experts utilizing real-time data, hence increasing its accuracy. They may be processed in computers located in the country preferred by the country’s specialists. The simulation model in each country may then be interlinked through the Internet to act as a single global model in a virtual global scale supercomputer for solving national, regional or global problems. This is now possible with the proliferation of broadband Internet around the world. National integration centers will house model maintenance and coordinate activities at the national level. They will also coordinate activities with regional and international bodies. Those system dynamics national simulation models will replace the corresponding ones in the FUGI (Futures of Global Interdependence) global modelling system of Professor Akira Onishi in Japan, which has 194 country sectors and 6 UN sectors <http://preview.tinyurl.com/z9hdkks>. 5. Inter-linkage Mechanism for distributed simulation models with human intervention: Simulation models of our project will be interlinkedgloballywith use of GLOSAS/USA’s procedure (US Patent-Pending #61/764,843 – Figure 1). Our GEWS project provides an inter-linkage mechanism for distributed simulation models with human intervention. The models of individual countries will be autonomously constructed, maintained, managed, and executed with their preferred computers at their preferred locations, even utilizing real-time data, by experts of those countries, hence increasing its accuracy. Figure 1: <https://www.dropbox.com/s/hiorg1jget2po81/Screen%20Shot%202013-06-21%20at%209.37.59%20AM%20copy.png?dl=0> At each simulation time interval, each of those models, which may be located in computers at various dispersed locations, may send their computed results in a time-series table format to a central database computer through the Internet (Figure 2). Figure 2: <https://www.dropbox.com/s/8jhx206hh1k1s6h/Screenshot%202016-04-18%2020.58.08.png?dl=0> An inter-linkage program at the central database computer may be constructed according to the scenario of the data interchange, by local experts telling which of exogenous variables of which sector/country of a model to be matched with which exogenous variables of which sector/country of designated models. They may correspond to commercial trade data. The execution of this program may let each of those models exchange their pertinent data among designated models. If appropriate, any real-time data may be inserted to appropriate time-series tables. After this inter-linkage program is executed, the exchanged data in the new time-series table may then be transmitted back to the designated country’s models for their next time interval execution, thus performing the inter-linkage and inter-operability among the geographically distributed models through the Internet. These procedures may be repeated every time interval to the end-time of the simulation execution. The above steps will then be repeated from the beginning for the specified number of repetitions, thus enacting repetitive operation of analog/hybrid computer. The participants can also have the overall picture of the combined/interlinked system. The higher credibility, accuracy and reliability of each simulation model will thus be promoted and attained compared with the conventional aggregated approach. The construction of this data exchange scenarios and hence programs may be made as conducting videoconference among participants. This process then fosters understanding of inter-relationships among social factors as well as mutual understanding among the participating countries, which is the key factor attaining global peace. Thus, the urgent task of our project is to design the inter-linkage mechanism among those dissimilar distributed simulation models dispersed and scattered around the world to enact inter-relationships together among the simulation models, as forming a global simulation model in a global scale virtual supercomputer through the use of the entire Internet (Figure 3). The human-intervention capability in the data inter-linkage will ensure its flexibility to reflect real-world situations. Figure 3: <https://www.dropbox.com/home/2016?preview=GCEPG_NB+2016-01-31+17.51.14+copy.png>

Stage 3: Proof of Concept

I. GRANT PROPOSAL TO UNDEF: (1) We submitted our preliminary grant proposal from Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, NJ, to theUnited Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) (Reference (b)) on December 28, 2015, which outcome will be notified to us around the coming June. If affirmative, we will submit our full application. (2)This project will foster logical thinking for the justice, the central concept of democracy, among future policy makers with the combined use of qualitative and quantitative analyses. This project framework will also enact the bottom-up participatory democracy and for their global collaboration through global Internet. It will then ultimately contribute to sustainability along with the climate change as meeting with the Sustanable Development Goals (SDGs), and to international conflicting issues by transforming adversaries to collaborators. The ultimate goal of our "Creating Electronic United Nations" Project is “HOW TO PREPARE THE EMERGENCE OF NO GREENHOUSE GAS EMMISSION SOCIETY BY THE END OF THIS CENTURY.” (3) Qualitative role-playing normative gaming has been used in international political science at Columbia University (References (c) and (d)). We will combine it with the quantitative simulation model of Nigeria (Reference (e)), which was constructed by the Ministry of Environment of Nigerian government with Millennium Institute. This combined use will be a significant paradigm shift in the international political science with the fusion of humanity and science, as fostering logical thinking for justice. Making rational decisions requires both qualitative and quantitative skills. The former is interpersonal skill to achieve the goal through negotiation to reach the optimal agreement for all participants. The latter is the skill to find the objective and optimal solution for complex problems with a simulation model. Today these two skills are both imperative for rational decision-making by the policy makers, yet the training schemes for the leaders have not combined these two skills as one package. (4) When this grant proposal is accepted, we will submit our full application through the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey, one of our major project partners. References: (a)Synopsis of “Creating Electronic United Nations” (January 1, 2016) <http://tinyurl.com/zp6u6uq> (b) The United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) <http://www.un.org/democracyfund/> (c)INAF U4420 Oil, Rights and Development 1.0 <https://www.dropbox.com/s/tql6kl0dsnd8rx0/INAF%20U4420%20Oil%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (d) Discordia (a ficticious name of Nigeria) <https://www.dropbox.com/s/nzzqkrh0louvvg4/Discordia-Total%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (e)Guide to Navigating the T21-­PCM-­Nigeria AAP Model <https://www.dropbox.com/s/z74a6jhimdn0124/Guide%20to%20Navigating%20the%20T21%20Nigeria%20AAP%20Model%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (f)"Video-shot Interview on “Creating Electronic United Nations.” <http://lightmillennium.org/lmtv/2016/dr-utsumi-creating-electronic-un.mp4>" II.A High Level Forum on:HOW TELECOMMUNICATION AND SIMULATION CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGS): We are currently working to hold the above-mentioned event (References (a) to (c) below) at the UN HQ to announce our "Creating Electronic United Nations" Project (Reference (a) of the Section I above) in response to the Call for Action made by the ITU. References: (a) INVITATION/FLYER: <http://lightmillennium.org/wtisd/may-10-un-invitation-wtisd.pdf> (b) CONCEPT NOTE: <http://lightmillennium.org/wtisd/telecomunication-day-concept-bu041916.pdf> (c) ABOUT THE COLLABORATIVE ORGANIZERS: <http://lightmillennium.org/wtisd/about-collaborative-orgs-wtisd-sdgs.pdf> III. CONTRIBUTIONS MADE: Wehave already contributed to the globalization of Internet (Reference (c)), deregulation of Japanese telecom for the use of email (References (a), (b) and (c)), which has been emulated in many countries. This deregulation has also affected the use of cell phones because of the VOIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol). Hence, the total number of both email and cell phone users could amount 5.7 billion worldwide, as stated above. The figure for the "Lives Saved" mentioned above is for the Kobe Earthquake on January 17, 1995, and for the Tohoku Tsunami on March 11, 2011, etc., since (the so-called “un-destructive”) Internet was used to communicate with outside world at those occasions. The two million dollar fund raised mentioned above includes the in-kind services from SPRINT and many satellite companies when we organized "Global Lecture Hall (GLH)" multipoint-to-multipoint, multimedia, interactive videoconferences spanning globe from Australia to Moscow as connecting many universities between them -- see other similar events in Reference (d). This GLH events arose the movements of global e-learning around the world. References: (a)Background of GLOSAS/USA <http://tinyurl.com/oxedxwe> (b)Deregulation of Japanese Telecom Policyfor the Use of Email <http://tinyurl.com/2e2o7rc> (c) Two blogs at <http://tinyurl.com/3mucrf2> (d)Proposed Book,"Electronic Global University System and Services" <http://tinyurl.com/oz97z4p>
PROJECT PERSONNEL AND PARTNER INSTITUTIONS See also Sections II and III in <http://tinyurl.com/2cjga3q> 1. Project Personnel: Hans Rudolf Herren, Millennium Institute, Co-PI Supervise system dynamics simulation, CV: <http://tinyurl.com/23aag9n>, Address, Descriptive bio, Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/qxf2evu> Victor Lawrence, Baharicom Development Company and Stevens Institute of Technology, PI, Supervise the global center of this project at his school, CV: <http://tinyurl.com/pd6qkze>, Address, Descriptive bio, Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/7odkpmt> Jenik Radon, Columbia University, Co-PI, Consultant Conduct paradigm shift in international political science with the combined use of normative gaming and quantitative simulation, CV: <http://tinyurl.com/23lb3sw>, Address, Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/qxf2evu> Takeshi Utsumi, GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A. (GLOSAS/USA) and Global University System (GUS), Co-PI, Conduct global coordination of this project. CV: <http://tinyurl.com/2esr94l>, Address, Descriptive bio, Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/qxf2evu> 2. Collaborators: Gabriel F. Avgerinos, Energy Mentors International LLC, Advisor Bio: <https://www.dropbox.com/s/5desjki956alosi/BIO%20copy.pdf?dl=0> Assist Dr. Utsumi Greg Cole, Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications Development, Advisor, Descriptive bio: <http://tinyurl.com/bg88ajl>, Provide advice on broadband Internet, Ralph. C. Huntsinger, California State University, Chico, CV: <http://tinyurl.com/28646fa>, Address, Descriptive bio, Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/qxf2evu> Technical Director to supervise continuous and discrete simulation modeling, Fumiko Sasaki, Long Island University, CV: <http://tinyurl.com/kc5ymka>, Address, Descriptive bio, Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/qxf2evu> Assist Dr. Utsumi and Prof. Radon, P. Tapio Varis, Global University System
UNESCO Chair, Advisor, Provide advise on global e-learning 3. Overseas Collaborators: 3.1 Africa: Benin, Prof. Daniel Nougbégnon Dalohoun, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Address, Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> Burundi, Mr. Pierre-Claver Rutomera, Université Lumière de Bujumbura, Address, Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> D. R. of Congo (DRC), Prof. Nseu Bekeli Mbomba, University of Kinshasa, Address, Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> Gambia, Prof. Muhammadou M. O. Kah, University of The Gambia, Ghana, Ms. Dorothy K. Gordon, Advanced Information Technology Institute, Kenya, Mr. Sidiki Traore, Distance Education for Africa (DeAfrica), Address, Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> Nigeria, Mr. Amadou Dlouf, ECOWAS Commission, Rwanda, Prof. Etienne Ntagwirumugara, Kigali Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Address, Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> Sierra Leone, Prof. Jinnah S Momoh, University of Sierra Leone, Address, Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> Tanzania, Prof. N. H. Mvungi, University of Dar es Salaam CV: <http://tinyurl.com/crxlk69>, Address, Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> 3.2 Japan: Akira Onishi, Professor Emeritus, Soka University Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> 3.3 Canada: Allenna Leonard, Ph.D., International Society for Systems Science Address: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w> 3.4 Netherlands: Dr. Dorien J. DeTombe, International Research Society on Methodology of Societal Complexity Descriptive bio & Photo: <http://tinyurl.com/nywsy5w>
1. History: We prefer to use the Systems Dynamics (SD) methodology for our simulation models, since it can offer easy trouble shooting with the use of its cause-and-effect diagram. Its initiator, Prof. Jay W. Forrester at the MIT once told Dr. Utsumi that the essence of the SD methodology is NOT forecasting BUT understanding of the intricacies of inter-relations among stakeholders during the capacity building of young government officers and aspiring future leaders -- which is the very basic requirement for attaining global peace. The SD simulation models are now in proliferation. The Millennium Institute in Washington, DC, a major partner of our project, is a think-tank specialized on the use of the SD model, as consulting governments of many countries and major industrial firms. One of them is the one constructed for the Environment Ministry of Nigerian government (Reference (a)). Incidentally, this model was used for the pledge made by the Nigerian government for the Paris Climate Pact (Reference (b)). When Dr. Utsumi was the General Chairman of the Summer Computer Simulation Conference (SCSC) (which he created and named) in Boston in 1971, he invited the team members of the "Limits to Growth" project of the Club of Rome at the MIT. Dr. Utsumi immediately noticed its major flaw of aggregating the world phenomena, and hence conceived the distributed simulation approach as interlinking socio-economic-energy-environment models of each country via telecommunication media. Dr. Utsumi then encountered with the demonstration of DARPANET, the predecessor of Internet packet-switching telecommunication network, at the first International Computer Communication Conference (ICCC) <http://tinyurl.com/3mucrf2> (See also two blogs in this URL for Dr. Utsumi's saga on the initiating the globalization of the Internet). Dr. Utsumi then had a major role in deregulating Japanese telecommunication policies for the use of email (with help from then U.S. Secretary of Commerce Malcom Baldrige <http://tinyurl.com/2e2o7rc>), and in de- monopolization and privatization of Japanese telecom industries. These practices have been emulated in many countries, and have led to more than 5.7 billion current email and Voice Over IP (VOIP) cellphone users around the world <http://tinyurl.com/cqgjsy7>, <http://tinyurl.com/bdcjha> as mentioned above. The case can be made that these policy initiatives played a foundational role in facilitating the so-called “Arab Spring.” GLOSAS also contributed to the extension of the “Global Ring Network for Advanced Application Development (GLORIAD)” <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GLORIAD> to South Africa via the “Africa Connect to Europe (ACE)” ultra high-speed (5 tera bps) optical submarine cable <http://tinyurl.com/95n723k> and <http://tinyurl.com/awabmbd>. See more in <http://tinyurl.com/oxedxwe>. 2. Purposes: The highly interconnected and coupled nature of energy, healthcare, food security, natural resource management and sustainable economic growth have in the past stymied the effectiveness of traditional international development efforts focused on each of these areas in isolation. This is because such compartmentalized approach to development tends to miss the big picture. The aim of this combined research and education initiative is to engage national and international stakeholders in jointly developing customized national sustainability simulation models that can explore the comparative effectiveness of development interventions from a systems approach. This initiative will bring together young decision-makers from participating countries to jointly craft socio-economic-energy-environmental simulation models for their respective countries, which will be interlinked for their collaborative policy analysis in order to further their co-prosperity. This is to reflect and emphasize that “NO SINGLE COUNTRY CAN EXIST ALONE.” The young decision-makers will then learn from and collaborate with their counterparts in other countries to develop more effective policies for sustainable development. The resulting national simulation models will be hosted at national academic institutions and linked through broadband Internet allowing global access and reach for educational and research purposes. 2.1 Objectives: 2.1.1. Intellectual Merit: The most significant contribution of this project is its transformational use of stakeholder-crafted models for developing sustainable strategies, leveraging an unprecedented critical mass of global expertise for national level problem solving. The multi-disciplinary multi-institutional project team consists of academics and researchers with substantial experience in using modeling and simulation for development objectives. We will develop a global network of federated and standardized systems models of national sustainable development that can collect and share data on complex energy, healthcare, food security and natural resource management problems. This will be an unprecedented effort that could transform the effectiveness of development efforts and foster global collaboration in collectively solving “wicked” problems. Pioneered in the aerospace and military industries, globally distributed simulation using a global virtualsuper-computer through broadband Internet has never been done in the socio-economic-energy-environment system. 2.1.2. Broader Impact: This initiative is unique in that it integrates advances in understanding complex development problems through modeling and simulation with training and educating young decision-makers from developing nations in systems thinking for sustainable development. Given its developing country focus and gender empowerment objective, the initiative will both engage and serve underrepresented population groups and potentially enhance broader societal welfare within the target countries. It also creates an infrastructure for building an unprecedented global network of academics, decision-makers and practitioners who can share knowledge, expertise and data as well as the cyber-infrastructure necessary to allow large-scale education and training of students and citizens across the globe in sustainable development strategies through gaming and simulation. At later stages, we will leverage resources to develop additional national sustainable development models, creating a larger and more effective global network in the form of a Global Early Warning System (GEWS), forming the core of an “Electronic African Union” and eventually, the “Electronic United Nations,”with its ultimate goal “HOW TO PREPARE THE EMERGENCE OF NO GREENHOUSE GAS EMMISSION SOCIETY BY THE END OF THIS CENTURY.2.2 The Outline of Technical Background: 2.2.1. Combined Use of Climate Change and SDGs;
  1. Global Climate Change Pact in Paris in December, 2015 (Reference (b)),
  2. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (Reference (c))
The most of pledges of the former, particularly the ones from develoging countries (except from Nigeria (Reference (a) * )) were not made with rigorous scientific simulation studies as being termed the "Hopeful-Pleges" as ignoring consequential societal effects of greengas reductions, and they are thus required for the substantial improvementsm as including considerations to meet with the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. * Even though this model refers to other sectors of Nigerian society in some extent, such as Entertainment, Agriculture, Commerce, Education, Government, Civic Engagement, Healthcare, Public Safety, Environment Management, etc., it would be highly desirable to team of specialists for each of those sectors and construct the system dynamics simulation models for each of them by their knowledgeable experts in each of sectors, and then interlinka them together through broadband internet to form a comprehensive national model. This will provide the specialists of each sector to manuver and improve their models periodically. They can then construct a joint 5-year national plan as similar to the Nigerian Broadband Internet Plan (Reference (f)), which may be submitted to the Japanese ODA fund -- see below. 2.2.2. Combined Use of Qualitative and Quntitative Analysis:
  1. Normative (role-playing) gaming – qualitative analysis (References (d) and (e))
  2. Model-based simulation (Reference (a)) – quantitative analysis, -- including repetitive mode for simulator/trainer
As mentioned elsewhere, this combined use will be a significant paradigm shift in the international political science with the fusion of humanity and science, as fostering logical thinking for justice. 2.2.3. Combined Use of Bbroadband Internet and Distributed Simulation: Interlinking distributed simulation models scattered around the world through the broadband Internet is the inevitable consequences and urgent need of the current climate change movement. References: (a) Weishuang Qu of Millennium Institute, "Guide to Navigating the T21-PCM-Nigeria AAP Model," (Updated January 2014) <https://www.dropbox.com/s/z74a6jhimdn0124/Guide%20to%20Navigating%20the%20T21%20Nigeria%20AAP%20Model%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (b)Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) <http://www4.unfccc.int/submissions/indc/Submission%20Pages/submissions.aspx> (c) Open Working Group proposal for Sustainable Development Goals <https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html> (d) INAF U4420 Oil, Rights and Development 1.0 <https://www.dropbox.com/s/tql6kl0dsnd8rx0/INAF%20U4420%20Oil%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (e) Discordia (a ficticious name of Nigeria) <https://www.dropbox.com/s/nzzqkrh0louvvg4/Discordia-Total%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (f) Nigeria’s National Broadband Plan 2013-2018 < https://www.dropbox.com/s/qbbct8nbeoimytm/FMCT%20The%20Nigerian%20National%20Broadband%20Plan%202013.pdf?dl=0&preview=FMCT+The+Nigerian+National+Broadband+Plan+2013.pdf> Additional References for the above References (d) and (e): a. Donal O'Neill, “Understanding the Impact of Business — Through Role-Playing Simulations” <http://tinyurl.com/bh2ugx> b. Donal O'Neill, “Simulation Specification” <http://tinyurl.com/3x8zhmk> c. Full Resume of Donal O'Neill <http://tinyurl.com/39brv6y> d. Full Resume of Jenik Radon <http://tinyurl.com/23lb3sw> e. Ollor, Walter G., P. O. Jack, T. Utsumi, H. R. Herren; NIGERIA ENERGY POLICY ANALYSIS: Modeling Nigeria’s Energy Policy Response Dynamics (January 19, 2009) <http://tinyurl.com/2df8ybu>

Focus Areas:

Agriculture, Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance, Good Governance and 25 MoreSEE ALL

Agriculture, Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance, Good Governance, Economic Growth and Trade, Leadership Development, Microeconomics, Trade, Education, Education Policy & Finance, Higher Education, Energy, Environment, Gender, Economic Empowerment, Health, Housing and Infrastructure, Humanitarian Assistance, Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Youth, Communications and Media, Digital Development, Digital Inclusion & Connectivity, Public-Private Partnerships, Technology, Data/Analytics, Finance, Policy and Regulation and InclusionSEE LESS

Implemented In:



Country Implemented In

Mission and Vision

Nigerian Energy Transition Project: Recently, the Nigerian government requested and we submitted a Proposal to the Nigeria Ministry of Science & Technology for “Transition to Clean & Renewable Energy; SDGs Interlinked to Power Generation, Transport, and Other Energy Sectors in Nigeria” to assist Nigeria meet the INDC submitted goals for significantly reduced carbon emissions by 2030. (Similar proposals are in development for Ghana and other ECOWAS countries in Africa.) The SDGs interlinked with clean energy (SDG #7) production and use include water & waste management, food supplies, infrastructure, sustainable cities, transportation, innovative technology, jobs and economic growth, education, healthcare, etc. It is essential to assist companies and governments on how they can use the SDG framework to implement a transition from fossil fuels to clean renewable energy in urban and rural areas of each country in the world. One of the key requirements of successful policy-making and implementation of clean energy and environment program is to accept the inter-linkage of many of the 17 SDGs. We must simulate, measure, monitor, and evaluate the impacts the various proposed policies and target SDGs may have on each other. For example, energy affects the environment and climate change, but also water, food supply, health, jobs & economic growth, infrastructure and urbanization, education, etc. The other targets are clean energy, water & sanitation, food & agriculture, health, education, infrastructure, transportation, sustainable cities, technology innovations, partnerships of companies & governments, and several other interlinked SDGs, and investments/projects in Sustainable Development. Our working group is a collaboration of several companies and universities with expertise in energy, environment, climate change, telecommunications broadband & computer engineering, education & training, economic analysis & project planning, role-playing negotiation qualitative energy models, and dynamic simulation quantitative models on energy systems and interlinked SDGs. The primary collaborating organizations include: Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey, Global Systems Analysis and Simulation Association (GLOSAS/USA) in New York, Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs in New York, Millennium Institute (MI) in Washington, DC, Energy Mentors International LLC (EMI) in New Jersey, Center for Understanding Change (C4CU) in Maryland. They are collectively known as the “e-UN Group.”

Competitive Advantage

Globally Distributed Simulation: In contrast to most global models, which aggregate countries by ignoring their national boundaries, our distributed simulation approach respects the countries’ boundaries as interlinking models with our patent- pending procedures. Moreover, those models are more accurate, because experts in the participating countries and sectors will construct them. This in a sense will construct a virtual supercomputer over broadband Internet, while promoting partnership among participants. Problem: In spite of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions causing climate change, global cooperation has not yet produced tangible results. We need a significant transition from fossil fuels to renewable resources. At the 2015 IPCC in Paris, all the UN countries submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) pledges for GHG emission reductions by 2030. The major reasons for the slow progress on reducing GHG emissions and increasing the use of renewable resources for power generation and transport are the lack of the leadership and the framework based on the universally shared rational decision-making skills among national and global policy-makers. Without these skills, the policies to cope with climate change are likely to be inconsistent, conflicting, and uncooperative. Creating the leadership and the framework that promote rational decision-making is urgent and indispensable. This project will develop the appropriate leadership among future policy- makers and the required framework for their collaboration.

Planned Goals and Milestones

1. Fusion of humanity and science: This project will bring a significant paradigm shift in the International Political Science with the combined use of the normative (role-playing) gaming and the quantitative (model-based) simulation, i.e., the fusion of humanity and science. The aim of this synergetic approach is to help the negotiation of conflict resolution with rational and scientific thinking on policy decision-making. Gaming and simulation based on facts and figures rather than exclusively upon hunches, habits or traditions will transform adversaries into collaborators for confrontation-prone problems. It will provide a new model for training for leadership and management skills, conflict resolution, negotiation for scarce resources, increasing population and climate changes. 2. Advancing understanding of how people learn in technology-rich learning environments: The normative (role-playing) gaming has now been conducted for 110 students at the School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) of Columbia University (References (1) and (2)). As mentioned above, aNigerian system dynamics simulation model was constructed by the Ministry of Environment of the Nigerian government in cooperation with Millennium Institute in Washington, DC (Reference (3)). As combining the former (i.e., normative gaming) with the latter (i.e., model-based simulation), new hands-on experiential learning will be made on a real-time simulation/trainer for globally collaborative research and cyberlearning. Those simulator/trainer would become effective hands-on educational tool for the capacity building of young governemntal officers and aspiring future leaders, as following the adage of "Knowledge with Action becomes Wisdom." 3. Promoting generalizability and transferability of the newly proposed technological genre: After successful implementation of this paradigm shift at Columbia University, this new genre will have the following extensions; (a) Gaming/Simulation Demonstration for Verification of Obama/Gore Energy Policy: This group will conduct a gaming/simulation demonstration on the verification of energy policies proposed by former Vice President Al Gore and President Barack Obama (both Nobel Peace Laureates) to replace fossil fuels (e.g. coal, oil, natural gas), especially in power generation, with renewables (e.g., wind and/or solar energy, hydropower, biomass/waste, and other carbon-free fuels) and nuclear power to generate a larger share of the electricity in the USA by 2030. This mandate will follow the carbon emissions reduction guidelines released in 2015 by the EPA in the Clean Power Plan (CPP) <http://tinyurl.com/66sk9d>. This shift towards cleaner fuels for US power generation will impact the appropriate allocation of oil and natural gas (LNG) revenue in Niger Delta of Nigeria from exports to the USA. If the US policies succeed for cleaner fuels with fewer carbon emissions, there would be a decline in revenue to the Nigerian government. Also, what would be the consequences to other economic and social structures in the US and in other countries, particularly Nigeria? Would this be a viable direction with global perspectives? This is because 75% of total Nigerian federal government revenue comes from oil, 40% of which is exported to North America — another 23% to Europe and 16% to the Far Eastern countries, including Japan, South Korea, and China. Thus, if Gore and Obama’s proposals succeed in the US (and are emulated in Far Eastern countries later), it would mean the end of oil revenue for the Nigerian government — in a sense, a severe blow to them. A remedy to cope with this devastating crisis could be as follows: the money saved by the US and the Far Eastern countries as a consequence of not importing oil from Nigeria may be reserved as credits for the Cap and Trade system, which would be donated to:
  1. Nigeria, to establish the so-called Education Center in Niger Delta region emulating Qatar, to export educational services to nearby countries as Cuba does. Also could establish more joint ventures for higher education in engineering and medicine with US universities in Nigeria, emulating Qatar and Abu Dhabi.
  2. ECOWAS (which includes Nigeria) to foster e-learning, e-healthcare and e-governance, etc., in its member and other African countries with “Peace-Corps” type help from Nigeria, particularly with the use of newly launched Nigerian domestic satellite. This would be the win-win solution at a global scale.
This group firstly will construct a scenario for the above-mentioned objective, which will be followed by the Millennium Institute constructing their simulation models with System Dynamic methodology. This will then become the combined form of the “normative/qualitative” gaming and “quantitative/model-based” simulations, which will be demonstrated at appropriate occasion at the School of International and Public Affair (SIPA) of Columbia University, and to be expanded as the co-operative program with Nigerian universities in the following years. By the way, the Nigerian model will be inter-linked with the US model with the use of our patent-pending procedure. Initially both models will be located at a single location; later the Nigerian model will be transferred to a selected higher educational institution in Nigeria, e.g., River State University of Science and Technology in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. (b) This scheme will then be extended to ECOWAS countries in Africa for the study on economic consequences due to the Ebola outbreak and their co-prosperity, and the Nile River basin countries for the water management study. The target populations are government officials and aspiring future leaders. (c) The distributed simulation approach can be a key tool with strategic planning and assessment in undertaking the radical, structural change required to realize the fair distribution of benefits and burdens associated with current global discussions on climate justice, such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This approach may then also open a new venue for global climate simulation with significantly low-power techniques. The development of new ultrafast exascale computers has now stalled due to their tremendous power consumption. This project has the potential to form an “Electronic African Union” and eventually, the “Electronic United Nations.” References: (1)INAF U4420 Oil, Rights and Development 1.0 <https://www.dropbox.com/s/tql6kl0dsnd8rx0/INAF%20U4420%20Oil%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (2) Discordia (a ficticious name of Nigeria) <https://www.dropbox.com/s/nzzqkrh0louvvg4/Discordia-Total%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (3)Guide to Navigating the T21-­PCM-­Nigeria AAP Model <https://www.dropbox.com/s/z74a6jhimdn0124/Guide%20to%20Navigating%20the%20T21%20Nigeria%20AAP%20Model%20copy.pdf?dl=0> Additional References for the above 3-(a) Item: a. Donal O'Neill, “Understanding the Impact of Business — Through Role-Playing Simulations” <http://tinyurl.com/bh2ugx> b. Donal O'Neill, “Simulation Specification” <http://tinyurl.com/3x8zhmk> c. Full Resume of Donal O'Neill <http://tinyurl.com/39brv6y> d. Full Resume of Jenik Radon <http://tinyurl.com/23lb3sw> e. Ollor, Walter G., P. O. Jack, T. Utsumi, H. R. Herren;NIGERIA ENERGY POLICY ANALYSIS: Modeling Nigeria’s Energy Policy Response Dynamics (January 19, 2009) <http://tinyurl.com/2df8ybu>
COLLABORATION AND MANAGEMENT PLAN: 1. DIVISION OF FUNCTIONS: The School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) at Columbia University will conduct teaching with the combined use of normative gaming and quantitative simulation in the international political science field focusing firstly on Nigeria and later ECOWAS and Nile River basin countries. This teaching will be published for public dissemination. The Stevens Institute of Technology team’s main function is to coordinate participating parties as organizing workshops twice annually. Thus it will not generate any data but the minutes of discussion dialogues, and will maintain a central computer through which exogenous data will be exchanged among the participating parties’ simulation models. The following provisions will be revised at workshops in consultation with the overseas parties. The Millennium Institute will guide system dynamics simulation modeling by our African colleagues. 2. AMERICAN TEAM: 2.1 First Planning Workshop in the First Half of the First Year: We will have a series of face-to-face workshops, which are of vital necessity for smooth collaboration and coordination, particularly when a global scale project will start. 2.1.1 Venue: School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) of Columbia University, New York City, and Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey 2.1.2 Date: Within two months after securing the fund, 2.1.3 Objectives of Workshop: This workshop will be the first step in the global launching of our project, so that it will be a comprehensive event, crucial to organizing the work of many experts and developing specific plans for implementing the Electronic United Nations systems.This workshop will be a gathering of scholars and students from many countries we have contacted so far, and open to the public. The following subjects will be discussed in as much detail as possible;
  1. Introduction and careful definition of the "Creating United Nations" project, including the definition of sustainability (by all participants),
  2. Each participant explains their contribution to the project, describing selected simulation models of various methodologies,
  3. Finding a legitimate problem owner and facilitators for the energy problem and water management of relevant regions,
  4. Discussions on designing databases and an inter-linking program through which pertinent information will be interchanged among participating simulation models – even through narrow band Internet,
  5. Prepare the combined use of normative gaming and quantitative simulation for teaching 110 students on the “Oil, Right and Development” gaming course at the SIPA of Columbia University (References (1) and (2)), by;
* Deciphering scenario of current gaming (References (1) and (2)) to produce documents (including the cause-and-effect diagram) necessary for modifying the Nigeria system dynamics simulation model (Reference (3)) constructed by the Millennium Institute, * Two graduate students at the Earth Institute of the Columbia University will acquire and learn its usage so that they can assist Columbia University/SIPA students on its use, * Plan the procedures to demonstrate the gaming/simulation on the verification of Obama/Gore energy policy at the SIPA of Columbia University during the next workshop.
  • Planning construction of a prototype on regional socio-economic-energy-environment system among ECOWAS countries (e.g., economic consequences due to the EBOLA outbreak), Nile River basin countries (e.g., water management), and then in global scale,
  • Planning organization and management structures of this Project, with the roles of each participant in the project,
  • Election of management positions: Chair, Co-Chair, Secretary, Treasurer,
  • Re-definition of the “Creating Electronic United Nations” project,
  • Construction of the Action Plan with time and task schedules,
  • Building comradeship among participants,
  • Planning next workshop and its fund raising.
2.2 Second Workshop in the Second Half of the First Year: This will be similar to the first workshop, but focusing on Africa and the date to be decided at the first planning workshop. 2.3 Workshops in the Following Years: The patterns of the first year workshops with some modifications will be repeated in the following years. 3. Overseas Counterpart Colleagues: When the American team receives a fund, the American team would encourage our overseas colleagues, particularly in African countries, to obtain funds from the NSF/USAID/Partnership for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER) program <http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?pims_id=504726>. 3.1Fact Finding and Assessment Trip: The first practical step in this process is the preparation of a detailed program document encapsulating the diverse components of the enterprise. This requires a fact-finding mission to be undertaken by a chief of American Team (as Dr. Utsumi has done in Ethiopia and Nigeria <http://tinyurl.com/2fjxpor>). An initial stakeholder meeting will be held for formal confirmation of project partners in the visiting country, and to form working groups in various fields, e.g., infrastructure, e-learning, e-healthcare/telemedicine, community development, globally collaborative research and development, globally collaborative environmental peace gaming, etc. This trip must include following:
  • Visits to participating colleges, universities, hospitals, local governments and community based programs in visiting country:
  • Establishment of working groups for each aspect of collaborative proposal writing, with representation from the communities, institutions, and governmental agencies that will benefit from the initiative.
3.2Planning Workshop with System Dynamics Seminar: With the PEER fund, African colleagues will hold a planning workshop, at which time Millennium Institute will conduct a system dynamics seminar, as they have done in Bangladesh, Nigeria, etc. Each working group mentioned above will then produce proposal (including their system dynamics study, after constructing their socio-economic-energy-environmental simulation models by the experts of each sector) with necessary steps to be taken during the following three years with their budgets, which will be summarized into a proposal. This proposal will include a market survey, feasibility study, system design of infrastructure; design of support system and administration structure. We will also construct a business model for maximum effectiveness and sustainability and replication in other locations. This proposal will then be submitted with endorsements from various UN, governmental, universities, NGO agencies to the nearby Japan Embassy for the Japanese Official Development Assistance (ODA) fund. By the way, these activities will be centered around a major higher educational institution in each of countries, which will then be a member of the Global University System under the UNESCO/UNITWIN/Chair Program (Resources (b) and (c)). 4. Funding OVERSEAS ACTIVITIES WITH JAPANESE ODA FUND: We intend that ultimately, the Electronic United Nations will be part of the United Nations University. The American team at the Stevens Institute of Technology will act on global administration and coordination of this project. The African colleagues will form multidisciplinary teams to assess effective strategies using their simulation models in potential fields such as education, energy, environment, sustainability, healthcare, food service and national resource management, planning for 3-year periods. These plans will be submitted for Japanese ODA funding with US$ 3.5 billion (education <http://tinyurl.com/28zukro>) and US$ 5 billion (health care <http://tinyurl.com/26mfuf7>). Their study will also advocate that optical fiber should be laid along new transportation highways connecting sub-Saharan African countries, which are now being constructed with US$10 billion pledged by the Japanese government. 5. DAILY COLLABORATION: Between the bi-annual workshops, we will utilize the following for our close coordination through the Internet; (a) Real-time chatting system, (b) E-mail list-serve system, and (c) “Global Lecture Hall (GLH)”TMmultipoint-to-multipoint, multimedia, interactive Webinar videoconferencing – probably on a monthly basis, etc. Dr. Utsumi pioneered the globalization of the Internet, worked on the deregulation on the use of email, and is now conducting the world’s longest running (since 1982 as recognized by a World Bank officer) list-serve with 5,000 members, and conducted the GLH videoconferencing once or twice every year in the 1990s, spanning the globe from New Zealand to Moscow <http://tinyurl.com/6r8c63>. Subsequently, the daily collaboration of this project will be well based on those cumulative experiences. References: (1)INAF U4420 Oil, Rights and Development 1.0 <https://www.dropbox.com/s/tql6kl0dsnd8rx0/INAF%20U4420%20Oil%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (2) Discordia (a fictitious name of Nigeria) <https://www.dropbox.com/s/nzzqkrh0louvvg4/Discordia-Total%20copy.pdf?dl=0> (3)Guide to Navigating the T21-­PCM-­Nigeria AAP Model <https://www.dropbox.com/s/z74a6jhimdn0124/Guide%20to%20Navigating%20the%20T21%20Nigeria%20AAP%20Model%20copy.pdf?dl=0> Funded by: We have been funded by the US National Science Foundation, the World Bank, Soros Foundation, Sprint, many satellite companies (in-kind services), and Dr. Paul Baran, the inventor of packet-switching, the most basic technology of the Internet. Resources (a) Synopsis of “Creating Electronic United Nations” (January 1, 2016) <http://tinyurl.com/zp6u6uq>, (b) Takeshi Utsumi, P. Tapio Varis, and W. R. Klemm, "Global Peace Through The Global University System,” <http://tinyurl.com/q5hcnxm>, (c) Takeshi Utsumi, P. Tapio Varis, and W. R. Klemm, "Creating Global University System," <http://tinyurl.com/jgdj39u> Related Organizations Stevens Institute of Technology, Columbia University, Millennium Institute (7795), University of Tampere in Finland, many universities in Africa Proof of Evidence (a) Synopsis of “Creating Electronic United Nations” (January 1, 2016) <http://tinyurl.com/zp6u6uq>, (b) BACKGROUND OF GLOSAS/USA <http://tinyurl.com/oxedxwe>, (c) Deregulation of Japanese Telecom Policy for the Use of Email <http://tinyurl.com/gvt8hdb>, (d) Global Peace Through The Global University System <http://tinyurl.com/q5hcnxm> (i) INVITATION/FLYER: <http://lightmillennium.org/wtisd/may-10-un-invitation-wtisd.pdf> (ii) CONCEPT NOTE: <http://lightmillennium.org/wtisd/telecomunication-day-concept-bu041916.pdf> (iii) ABOUT THE COLLABORATIVE ORGANIZERS: <http://lightmillennium.org/wtisd/about-collaborative-orgs-wtisd-sdgs.pdf> ===============================================================


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