Updated Mar 28, 2019


Bioelectric Activity of Microbial Fuel Cell during Treatment of Old Corrugated Containerboard Discharges

Generating power density and achieving high organic removal rate from OCC discharges


Mohamed Mahmoud

Stage 3: Proof of Concept

We tried successfully the Lab-Scale design and stating the fund for large scale application

Focus Areas:

Environment, Biomass/BioFuel, Energy and 1 MoreSEE ALL

Environment, Biomass/BioFuel, Energy and Agriculture Water ManagementSEE LESS

Implemented In:

China and Egypt

China and EgyptSEE LESS

Countries Implemented In
Funds Raised to Date


Water and energy are two major concerns in global environmental protection. The size of the pulp and paper industries is increasing, and they generate high liquid effluent discharges with different characteristics. A main discharge in paper industries is old corrugated containerboard (OCC), which is widely used as recycled OCC fibers. This effluent has different chemical properties depending on the contaminant contents. The most general characteristics of these discharges are color, pH, alkaloids, dissolved salts, suspended solids, lignin, cellulose, organic acids, soluble small fibers, fillers, coatings, plastic materials, wet strength agent, and halogenated organics. The re-use of pulp and paper liquid discharges is an important operating task because of its high water and chemical contents.;



anaerobic biological treatment is an effective way for organic consumption needed for microbial survival and proliferation. The use of microbial fuel cell method (MFC) for generating power density (PD) and achieving high organic removal rate from OCC discharges represent a new perspective technique in advanced research areas.

Target Beneficiaries

MFC can produce greater power output and purify OCC discharges.

Mission and Vision

Application of MFC with low internal resistances and high efficacy in treatment of OCC discharges

Innovation Description

methyl methacrylate MFC lab-scale designs, MFCI (12000 cm3) consists of two cell-parts separated by a cationic exchanger membrane. Carbon cloth was used as a conducting electrode. In the cathode cell-part, 0.2% manganese dioxide dissolved in sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide (30 %). In the anode cell-part,the anaerobic biofilm was added to the OCC effluent by ratio 1:3 with mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentration of around 5000 mg/L. The MFCs anaerobic conditions were controlled by supplying an adequate nitrogen gas capacity of 0.5 L/min.

Competitive Advantage

By using 100 Ω, the obtained voltage was 0.660 V, the generated PD was 169.99 mW.m-2, and the obtained CD was 0.258 A.m-2

Planned Goals and Milestones

We intent to complete our experiments on large scale design and make the applicable changes in the design criteria
Funding Goal100,000
New Implemented CountriesUnited States
Recruit1 manager, 1 advisor, 3 chemists


Mar 2019
Recognition ReceivedPENDING
Jan 2018
New Country Implemented In
Dec 2017
New Country Implemented In
China and Egypt
Oct 2017
New Country Implemented In

Supporting Materials