Updated Apr 01, 2018
power density and achieving high organic removal rate from OCC discharges
Mohamed MahmoudSend Message
Water and energy are two major concerns in global environmental protection. The size of the pulp and paper industries is increasing, and they generate high liquid effluent discharges with different characteristics. A main discharge in paper industries is old corrugated containerboard (OCC), which is widely used as recycled OCC fibers. This effluent has different chemical properties depending on the pulpingprocess, rate of recycling, and contaminant contents. The most general characteristics of these discharges are color, pH, alkaloids, dissolved salts, suspended solids, lignin, cellulose, organic acids, soluble small fibers, fillers, coatings, plastic materials, wet strength agent, and halogenated organics. The re-use of pulp and paper liquid discharges is an important operating task because of its high water and chemical contents.
anaerobic biological treatment is an effective way for organic consumption needed for microbial survival and proliferation. The use of microbial fuel cell method (MFC) for generating power density (PD) and achieving high organic removal rate from OCC discharges represent a new perspective technique in advanced research areas.
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