Updated Apr 04, 2018

Default inno

Artificial Wetlands in the Rural Community of Haparquilla

"Artificial wetlands" are used for the treatment of wastewater and the reduction of pollutants, so that treated wastewater can be reused for the irrigation of forest and ornamental species, thus improving the public space and sanitation.

Un mgcy (1)

Un Mgcy

Stage 4: Transition to Scale

Implementation, Monitoring & Evaluation

Focus Areas:

Waste Management, Agriculture Water Management, Sanitation and 1 MoreSEE ALL

Waste Management, Agriculture Water Management, Sanitation and ForestrySEE LESS

Implemented In:



Country Implemented In


Cusco is a major tourist destination hosting nearly 2 million visitors a year, however theres almost no improvement in Cusco's rural communities last years. Anta district has problems of sanitation and contamination of the Hantunmayo River. Theres almost no wastewater treatment in Anta city, with most of the rural communities relying on agriculture. The project is designed to solve the sanitation problem in the square of Haparquilla, a rural community.



The strategy includes participatory processes in which the rural community engages in all stages of the project: identification of problems, construction, operation and maintenance. This project has two stages: 1) improvement of sanitation in the primary school of the rural community of Haparquilla and 2) improvement of sanitation in the plaza of the rural community of Haparquilla. It focuses on ecosystem-based solutions for the management of wastewater from public spaces of rural communities.

Target Beneficiaries

The project has been designed for conditions similar to Haparquilla: rural areas of high Andean areas, however, the proposal can be adapted to different rural conditions.

Mission and Vision

Provide water and sanitation to Haparquilla's community square by ensuring a constant water supply to the square's bathroom, implement a water tank and connecting it to a cistern, implementing a wastewater treatment system, reusing the treated wastewater to irrigate square's ornamental plants, and improving the community's public space. Related to SDGs 3, 6, 10, 11, 12, 15.

Innovation Description

Initiative carried out jointly by: UNESCO Chair on Sustainability of the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (Spain), National Agrarian University la Molina (Peru) and Young Water Solutions

The project is design to solve the sanitarium problem in square of the rural community of Haparquilla which is important for the dynamic of the community. However, this square doesn’t have water supply or sanitation, because of that people still practice open defecation. The project will solve the problem with an integrated sanitation that includes not only constructing a bathroom but treat the wastewater using artificial wetlands and reuse the treated wastewater to irrigate ornamental plants. The community waste will also reuse to improve the public spaces of the community.

1) First stage: Parent training for elementary school students, improvement of the children's restroom, construction of a wastewater treatment system, improvement of the children's recreation area with the use of recycled materials, reuse of wastewater for ornamental irrigation. All the objectives were achieved in November 2017.

2) Second stage: Training of the population, improvement of the bathroom in the community square, construction of an artificial wetland system for the treatment of wastewater, reuse of treated wastewater for the irrigation of forest and ornamental species. These objectives will be achieved in May 2018.

Competitive Advantage

Locally-informed, accepted, and sourced innovation
No other comparable solutions in local community

Both organizations that allow to carry out this initiative already had previous experiences in the use of artificial wetlands for the treatment of residual waters. These experiences are available in the form of scientific articles or constructive projects. When the first stage of the project was completed, the efficiency and effectiveness of this type of technological solution was again validated.

Planned Goals and Milestones

The first stage has already been completed and is currently monitored. The second stage is in implementation and will be completed in May 2018.


Date Unknown
New Country Implemented In